Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article is about the city in France named Nancy. There is also Nancy, Kentucky and Nancy (comic strip).
Nancy (formerly known as Nanzig in German) is a city and commune, préfecture (capital) of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département, in Lorraine in north-eastern France. Population (1999): 103,605 (330,000 with suburbs).
The neighboring communes of Nancy are: Jarville-la-Malgrange , Laxou , Malzéville , Maxéville , Saint-Max , Tomblaine , Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy , Villers-lès-Nancy .
The Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière, and Place d'Alliance were added on the World Heritage Sites list by the UNESCO in 1983. Nancy's authentic German name is "Nanzig", although it is now out of use. That name can still be found in the Luxemburgish adaptation "Nantzeg".
At the turn of the 20th century, Nancy was a major center of the Art Nouveau style.
The municipality has installed Trogui : a network of trolleybus using a guidance rail. It has suffered many incidents and malfunctions.
The N ray, which turned out to be a figment of Blondlot's imagination, was named for Nancy.
Colleges and Universities
- Université Henri Poincaré (Nancy 1) 
- Université de Nancy 2 
- Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine
- École des Beaux-Arts de Nancy
- École nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy
- École Supérieure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Ingénieur de Nancy ou ESSTIN
- École Supérieure d'Informatique et Applications de Lorraine ou ESIAL
- Institut commercial de Nancy (ICN Nancy)
Nancy was the birthplace of:
- Christina, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1565-1637)
- Jacques Callot (c.1592-1635), baroque graphics artist, draftsman and printmaker
- Louis Maimbourg (1610-1686), Jesuit and historian
- Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708-1765), [[duke of Lorraine and later Holy Roman Emperor
- Jean François de Saint-Lambert (1716-1803), poet
- Antoine Drouot (1774-1847), one of Napoleon's generals
- Edmond de Goncourt (1822-1896), author, critic, publisher, founder of the Académie Goncourt
- Marie Henri d'Arbois de Jubainville (1827-1910), historian and philologist
- Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Art Nouveau artist
- René-Prosper Blondlot (1849-1930), physicist, best remembered for his mistaken identification of N rays
- Henri Poincaré (1854-1912), mathematician, theoretical scientist and philosopher of science
- Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey (1854-1934), marshal of France
- Henri Cartan (b. 1904), mathematician
- Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995), noted as the inventor of musique concrète
- François Jacob (b. 1920), biologist
- Pascal Dusapin (b. 1955), composer
- Newcastle upon Tyne (England), since 1954
- Liège (Belgium), since 1954
- Karlsruhe (Germany), since 1955
- Padua (Italy), since 1964
- Kanazawa (Japan), since 1973
- Qiryat Shemona (Israel), since 1984
- Lublin (Poland), since 1988
- Cincinnati, Ohio (United States), since 1991
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