Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Born in Bolton in 1925, Lofthouse joined the city's main club on September 4, 1939 and made his debut in a 5-1 win against Bury on March 22, 1941 when he scored two goals. It was then more than five years until he made his league debut for the club, but he eventually played against Chelsea on August 31, 1946, when he scored twice in a 4-3 defeat. Lofthouse would go on to play 33 games for England but his debut on November 22, 1950 made him 25 when he finally broke into the team. He perhaps justified a claim to an earlier call-up by scoring both goals in a 2-2 draw against Yugoslavia at Highbury on his debut. On May 25, 1952, Lofthouse earned the title 'Lion of Vienna' by scoring twice in England's 3-2 victory over Austria. Back from national team duty, he then scored six goals in a game between the [English] Football League and the Irish League on September 24, 1952. In 1953, he was declared English Footballer of the Year and on May 2 of that year, he scored a goal - but was on the losing side - in the famous FA Cup final of 1953 (aka 'The Matthews Final'), having topped the First Division goalscoring charts with 30 goals. On May 20, 1956, Lofthouse broke Steve Bloomer's 49-year-old England goalscoring record by netting his 29th goal in a 5-1 win against Finland in Helsinki. On May 3, 1958, almost 5 years to the day after losing the 1953 FA Cup final, Lofthouse captained Bolton to triumph over Manchester United, a game in which he scored 2 goals. On November 26 of the same year, Lofthouse made his final England appearance, against Wales, at the age of 33, and he officially retired from the game in January 1960 because of an ankle injury, although his final league game wasn't until December 17 of that year, when he suffered a knee injury against Birmingham.
After retiring from playing football, Lofthouse became the assistant trainer at Burnden on July 10, 1961 and was then appointed chief coach at the club in 1967. In 1968, he spent a brief time as caretaker manager of the club and took over the job full-time on December 18. Before becoming Bolton's chief scout, he became an administrative manager at Burnden. In 1978, he became the club's executive manager. In 1985, at the age of 60, Lofthouse became caretaker manager at the club again and became president in 1986.
Lofthouse has been the recipient of various honours since retiring from the game. On December 2, 1989, he was made a Freeman of Bolton. On January 1, 1994, he received an OBE and on January 18, 1997, Bolton decided to name their East Stand after him.
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