Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Nether Edge Ward is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the southern part of the city. It covers an area of 3.4 square kilometres and includes the districts of Nether Edge, Sharrow Vale, Brincliffe and Carter Knowle. The population of this ward in 2001 was 18,000 people in 7,100 households. In the 2004 local elections Ali Qadar, Andrew White, and Patricia Ann White, all Liberal Democrats were returned as councilors for the ward. Nether Edge ward is one of the wards that make up the Sheffield Central parliamentary constituency whose elected Member of Parliament is currently Richard Caborn.
Before the 19th century the area that is now Nether Edge was largely rural, the only cluster of cottages being the small mediaeval hamlet of Cherrytree. Much of the development of the area was undertaken by George Wostenholm , a local cutler who from 1836 onward purchased a large area of land east of Brincliffe Edge . Wostenholm modelled the estate on the town of Boston, Massachusetts and lined all of the roads with trees.
Wostenholm's home, Kenwood House, and the surrounding park (now a Marriott Hotel) took up a large portion of the land and the remaining portions were sold off for development. As a result many of the homes in the area are spacious Victorian houses that were owned by local cutlers and business men.
Many well-to-do people bought individual plots and had houses specially built but a great deal of the building in Nether Edge was speculative. Such men as John Firth , Thomas Steade and John Law were not builders by trade but made a significant contribution to the character of the area. Local builders James Sivil, Henry and Robert Brumby and John Thomas Johnson also helped turn this area from open fields to a very desirable locality for middle-class and self-made men. Improved transport, particularly the trams, made it possible for the better off to move their home out of the town centre and, for the first time for many, away from their place of business.
Districts of Nether Edge ward
Local facilities include a small shopping area at the junction of Nether Edge Road and Machon Bank Road near the where the tram terminus used to be (now a small supermarket and a garage). Of particular note on the southern side of Nether Edge Road is the organic/vegetarian shop `Zeds' and Cafe #9, a small coffee shop that predates the recent boom in gourmet coffee. The northern side of the road is dominated by the Nether Edge Bowling Club.
Two small theatres (the Merlin and The Lantern) also exist in the area.
Sharrow Vale (Grid reference: SK336858) is a district in the southwestern portion of Sheffield. It straddles the Porter Brook and Ecclesall Road (A625). Hunter's Bar, at the junction of Ecclesall Road, Brocco Bank, Sharrow Vale Road, and Junction Road was formerly a toll bar on the 18th century Sheffield to Hathersage turnpike—the toll house is long gone but the toll gate can still be seen. To the north of this neighbourhood is the Sheffield Botanical Gardens, and the historic Sheffield General Cemetery lies to the east. To the west is Endcliffe Park, the first in a series of parks that follow the Porter Brook out of Sheffield.
Carter Knowle or Carterknowle (Grid reference: SK335843) lies south of Brincliffe Edge , between Ecclesall Road and Abbeydale . A residential area, it is home to Sheffield College 's Bannerdale campus.
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