Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Network File System
Network File System (NFS) is a protocol originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1984 and defined in RFCs 1094, 1813, (3010) and 3530, as a file system which allows a computer to access files over a network as easily as if they were on its local disks.
Version 3 introduced support for using TCP as transport. Several vendors had already extended NFSv2 to support TCP as transport. Using TCP as transport made using NFS over a WAN more feasible (although not necessarily practical).
NFS is strongly associated with UNIX systems, though it can be used on any platform such as Macintosh and Microsoft Windows operating systems. The server message block (SMB), a similar protocol, is the equivalent implementation of a network file system under Microsoft Windows.
The term "network file system" is also often used as a generic term — see file system for other examples.
- Linux NFS Overview, FAQ and HOWTO Documents
- RFC 3530 - NFS Version 4 Protocol Specification
- RFC 1813 - NFS Version 3 Protocol Specification
- RFC 1094 - NFS Version 2 Protocol Specification
- RFC 2000
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