Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick is a city located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 48,573. It is the county seat of Middlesex County. The City of New Brunswick is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government.
New Brunswick is located at 40°29'18" North, 74°26'52" West (40.488304, -74.447751)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 48,573 people, 13,057 households, and 7,207 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,585.9/km² (9,293.5/mi²). There are 13,893 housing units at an average density of 1,025.6/km² (2,658.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 48.79% White, 23.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 5.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.08% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races. 39.01% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 13,057 households out of which 29.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% are married couples living together, 18.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% are non-families. 24.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.23 and the average family size is 3.69.
In the city the population is spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 34.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 24 years. For every 100 females there are 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 96.8 males. The high proportion of 18-24 year olds is due to Rutgers University being in the city's midst.
The median income for a household in the city is $36,080, and the median income for a family is $38,222. Males have a median income of $25,657 versus $23,604 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,308. 27.0% of the population and 16.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Originally inhabited by the Lenape, New Brunswick was founded in the 17th century by early arrivals from Europe. Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia, and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travellers and traders.
Historical maps of New Jersey including New Brunswick: http://mapmaker.rutgers.edu/MAPS.html
Today, New Brunswick is one of the cultural hubs of central New Jersey.
- Theater: Several thriving professional theaters are located there, including Crossroads, the George Street Playhouse, and the State Theater. Those three theaters are located on Livingston Avenue, not George Street, and they are practically next to each other.
- Museums: New Brunswick is home to several fine museums including the Zimmerli Museum of Fine Art at Rutgers University, the Rutgers Unversity Geology Museum and the New Jersey Agricultural Museum at the Cook College campus of Rutgers University.
- Higher Education: Home of Rutgers University, New Brunswick enjoys the fruits of a close proximity to a thriving college scene including sports, concerts, plays and other events. Rutgers splatters all over the city and neighboring Piscataway, with a campus along College Avenue by the old Pennsylvania Railroad (now Amtrak) tracks, another campus on the other side of downtown that houses Douglass and Cook colleges, and several isolated buildings in between the two, along with vast lands in Piscataway. Two schools, the Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy and the Mason Gross School of the Arts, belong to Rutgers as well, and they are next to the three theaters mentioned above.
- Fine Dining: New Brunswick is filled with an abundance of great restaurants including Nouvelle American, Italian, Indian, Ethiopian, Thai and Chinese. Popular fine dining restaurants include Stage Left, The Frog and The Peach, Makeda's and Soho on George. While many of the downtown fast-food establishments close after about 6 to 8 pm, those on Easton Avenue are open well into the night. There are Indian restaurants, Chinese restaurants, and numerous bars that are also open relatively late,including a brew pub. Some of the most famous are Tumulty's Pub, Olde Queens Tavern and Harvest Moon Brew Pub. A vigorous local music scene is also present with live bands appearing at the Court Tavern, Old Bay, Nova Terra, Tumulty's and other locations.
Points of Interest
- Buccleuch Park and Mansion
- The Henry Guest House
- Delaware & Raritan Canal
- Birthplace of poet Joyce Kilmer
- Site of Johnson & Johnson Corporation world headquarters
- Grave of Mary Ellis (1750-1828)
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