Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
New Jersey Turnpike
The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road in New Jersey and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States. A segment of it is part of the interstate highway system. Construction of the Turnpike from conceptualization to opening took an astonishing 23 months from 1950 to 1952. The Turnpike boasts 12-foot-wide lanes, 10-foot-wide shoulders, 13 rest areas, and unusual exit signage that was considered the pinnacle of highway building in the 1950s. The interstate highway system took some of its design guidelines by copying the Turnpike's design guidelines.
The main trunk of the New Jersey Turnpike runs from Deepwater, New Jersey in the south to Ridgefield, New Jersey in the north. It is designated as unsigned New Jersey State Highway 700 from exits 1 through 6 and Interstate 95 from exits 6 through 18. The number of lanes ranges from 4 lanes south of exit 4, the interchange with New Jersey State Highway 73, to 6 lanes between exits 4 and 8A, the interchange with New Jersey State Highway 32.
Before the advent of the interstate highways, the whole Turnpike was designated as Route 700, with the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension being New Jersey State Highway 700P and the Newark Bay Extension being New Jersey State Highway 700N at one time. The western spur is officially known as New Jersey State Highway 95W but signed as Interstate 95 (see below). None of these state highway designations have ever been signed.
North of exit 8A, the Turnpike splits into a "dual-dual" configuration, with the outer lanes open to all vehicles and the inner lanes limited to cars only, unless signed otherwise because of unusual conditions. From here to exit 14, the interchange with Interstate 78, the road ranges from 10 to 14 lanes wide.
Between exits 14 and 18, the Turnpike splits into two spurs, an eastern spur and a western spur. Both spurs are posted as I-95, although technically the eastern spur is I-95 as that was built first. The western spur is posted as I-95 for through traffic on I-95, while traffic entering at the ends of the split is routed via the eastern spur. The New Jersey Department of Transportation (which calls every class of highway Route) calls the western spur Route 95W.
The Turnpike also has two extensions: The first, the Newark Bay Extension, is part of Interstate 78; it opened in 1956. It connects Newark with Jersey City and intersects the main trunk near Newark Liberty International Airport. This extension contains exits 14A, 14B, and 14C.
The second extension connects the main trunk of the New Jersey Turnpike with the Pennsylvania Turnpike at exit 6. It is a 6-mile extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike into New Jersey, and it is part of I-95.
A four-mile stretch of I-95 north of U.S. Highway 46 came under Turnpike Authority jurisdiction in 1992, as the New Jersey Department of Transportation "sold" the road in order to balance the state budget. This section of the road is also "dual-dual", split into local and express lanes.
The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road, using a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by a motorist upon entering and surrendered upon exiting at toll gates. The toll gates exist at all exits and entrances and also at the highway extensions towards the Hudson River. The toll fee depends on the distance traveled between entrance and exit, and longer distances result in higher tolls. As of 2004, the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $6.45. Discounts are available to users of the E-ZPass electronic toll collection system.
The New Jersey Turnpike has even made it into popular culture. In the Chuck Berry song "You Can't Catch Me", the singer outruns the cops in his Cadillac on the New Jersey Turnpike. In Simon and Garfunkel's song "America", they sing "Counting the cars on the New Jersey Turnpike/They've all gone to look for America". Bif Naked's song "Sophia" begins with the lyric "I picked you up on a grey day, the New Jersey Turnpike". The book Looking For America On The New Jersey Turnpike (Gillespie and Rockland) chronicles the history of "America's Main Road". Part of the movie Being John Malkovich was set next to the Turnpike. The opening to TV series The Sopranos features the main character driving on the Turnpike.
In November 2004, acting New Jersey Governor Richard Codey advocated a plan to widen the Turnpike, extending the dual-dual configuration 20.1 miles south from exit 8A to exit 6, by 2011, when the Pennsylvania Turnpike is supposed to complete an interchange that will connect its road to the existing I-95 in Bucks County.
- (mile 0.0) begins from I-295/US 40 begin US 40 concurrency
- (mile 0.9) US 40/Route 140/CR 540 - Atlantic City/Penns Grove/Deepwater end US 40 concurrency
- Exit 1 toll barrier (mile 1.2) (Delaware Memorial Bridge)
- Exit 2 (mile 12.9) U.S. 322 - Swedesboro/Chester, Pennsylvania
- Exit 3 (mile 26.1) Route 168 - South Camden/Philadelphia/Woodbury
- Exit 4 (mile 34.5) Route 73 - Philadelphia/Camden
- Exit 5 (mile 44.0) Burlington/Mount Holly (CR 541 )
- Exit 6 (mile 51.0) US 130/I-276 - Pennsylvania Turnpike/Florence begin I-95 concurrency
- Exit 7 (mile 53.3) U.S. 206 - Bordentown/Trenton
- Exit 7A (mile 60.0) I-195 - Trenton/Shore Points
- Exit 8 (mile 67.6), Hightstown/Freehold (Route 33)
- division into car and truck lanes begins
- Exit 8A (mile 73.7) Jamesburg/Cranbury (Route 32)
- Exit 9 (mile 83.3) Route 18/US 1 - New Brunswick/East Brunswick
- Exit 10 (mile 88.1) I-287/Route 440 - Perth Amboy/Metuchen/Edison Township
- Exit 11 (mile 90.6) US 9/Garden State Parkway - Woodbridge
- Exit 12 (mile 95.9) Carteret/Rahway
- Exit 13 (mile 99.9) I-278 - Elizabeth/Goethals Bridge/Verrazano Bridge
- Exit 13A (mile 101.6) Elizabeth/Newark Airport/Elizabeth Seaport (Route 81)
- Exit 14 (mile 104.7) I-78/US 1/US 9/US 22 - Newark Airport/Holland Tunnel
- Turnpike divides (mile 105.6)
- Exit 15E (mile E106.9) Newark/Jersey City (US 1/US 9)
- Exit 15W I-280 - Newark/Kearny southbound only
- Exit 16E (mile E112.3) Route 3 - Lincoln Tunnel northbound only
- Exit 18E toll barrier (mile E112.3) (George Washington Bridge/US 46/I-80/I-95)
- Exit 17 (mile E112.7) Route 3 - Lincoln Tunnel/Secaucus southbound only
- I-80 west - Hackensack/Paterson northbound left exit
- Exit 15E (mile E106.9) Newark/Jersey City (US 1/US 9) southbound only
- Exit 15W I-280 - Newark/Kearny
- Exit 16W (mile W112.7) Route 3 - Secaucus/Rutherford/Lincoln Tunnel
- Exit 18W toll barrier (mile W113.8) (George Washington Bridge/US 46/I-80/I-95)
- Sports Complex southbound only, plus a southbound entrance, only open when there's a game
- I-80 west - Hackensack/Paterson northbound left exit
I-95 North of Original Turnpike
- US 46 - The Ridgefields/Palisades Park northbound only
- Exit 68 US 46 - The Ridgefields southbound only
- Exit 68 Challenger Road northbound only
- northbound split for upper and lower levels of the George Washington Bridge
- Exit 69 I-80 west to Garden State Parkway/Hackensack/Paterson southbound only
- Exit 70 Leonia/Teaneck
- Exit 71 Broad Avenue - Leonia/Englewood nrothbound only
- Exit 72A Route 4 west/Paramus southbound only
- Exit 72B US 1/US 9 south to US 46 - Palisades Park southbound only
- Exit 72 US 9W/Palisades Interstate Parkway - Fort Lee northbound only
Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension (I-95)
- Pennsylvania state line (mile P0.0) (continues as I-276)
- (Exit 6A) Florence/Burlington/Bordentown/U.S. 130
- Exit 6 toll barrier (mile P1.3) US 130 Burlington/Florence/Bordentown
- Turnpike mainline (mile P6.1) - New York/Camden
Newark Bay Extension (I-78)
- Exit 14 toll barrier I-78/US 1/US 9/US 22 - Newark Airport
- Exit 14A (mile N3.5) Bayonne (Route 440)
- Exit 14B (mile N5.5) Jersey City/Liberty State Park
- Exit 14C toll barrier (mile N5.9) (Holland Tunnel)
- Liberty State Park/Light Rail Park Ride eastbound only
- Jersey City/Grand Street eastbound only
- Jersey Avenue (mile N8.3) traffic light (end of Turnpike jurisdiction)
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