Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Niigata (the city) is the largest and most important city in Ura Nihon , the half of Japan that faces the Sea of Japan. It has been an important seaport since the opening of Japan in the mid-1800s, especially for trade with Russia and northern Korea, and was the first port on the Sea of Japan to be opened to foreign trade.
The Etsuzankai organization, led by prime minister Tanaka Kakuei, was highly influential in bringing infrastructure improvements to Niigata in the 1960s and 1970s, including the Joetsu Shinkansen high speed rail line and Kanetsu Expressway to Tokyo.
- Myoko (previous Arai)
- Niigata (capital)
- Niitsu (present Niigata)
- Shirone (present Niigata)
- Toyosaka (present Niigata)
- Ryotsu (present Sado)
Towns and Villages
Niigata is the principal rice growing region of Japan based on quality rather than quantity. Although rice production is widespread throughout Japan, Niigata accounts for 70% of the total value of the rice harvest. The most prized variety of rice is Niigata Koshihikari.
It is also very famous for its sake alcohol, which is some of the best in Japan.
Industrial production in Niigata includes a variety of machinery manufacturing, and particularly manufacturing of household and kitchen goods.
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