Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The city name Nordhausen is sometimes incorrectly used when referring to the WW II concentration camp of Mittelbau-Dora. This concentration camp, which included the Mittelwerk underground city in the Kohnstein mountain (production site of the V-2 rockets), was indeed close to the city of Nordhausen, but the names Dora or Mittelbau-Dora are more accurate designations for the said concentration camp (now a memorial site).
The city was extremely severely damaged in 1944 by a large bombardment by allied forces, which may have been related to its proximity to the V-2 production facilities. The city has since been rebuilt.
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