Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Josef Stalin removed nearly all Old Bolsheviks from power during the Great Purges of the 1930s. Most were executed for treason after show trials, some were sent to labor camps, and a few (e.g., Alexandra Kollontai) were sent abroad as ambassadors, effectively preventing them from participating in the central government.
In a narrower sense, the term "Old Bolshevik", as well as the expression Bolshevik Old Guard (старая большевистская гвардия), was also a self-description of bolshevik leaders who opposed Leon Trotsky immediately after the Russian Revolution, alluding at the fact that in a certain time period Trotsky sided with the mensheviks against Vladimir Lenin.
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