Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Oldham is a town in North West England, on the north-eastern edge of the Greater Manchester conurbation. Traditionally part of Lancashire, it began as a mill town, and is most recently well-known for inter-racial problems. It is the largest settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham.
Oldham could become the largest town in the United Kingdom not to have a conventional railway station, with the planned extension of the Metrolink to replace rail services in the town. However this plan has run into funding difficulties.
While Oldham's existence can be traced back to the 11th century, it was the Industrial Revolution -- and cotton in particular -- that laid the foundations for the town's prosperity. By the end of the 19th century Oldham was recognised as one of the most productive cotton-spinning towns in the world. At the peak of the town's cotton industry, over 360 mills were operational, with over 10% of the world's cotton spinning taking place in a single town; the last cotton mill closed in the mid-1990s, and redundant mills are now a dominant feature of the town's landscape. The town also lead in the production of cotton-manufacturing machinery, with Platt Brothers exporting equipment throughout the then British Empire.
In 1900, Winston Churchill was elected Oldham member of Parliament. He held the constituency until 1904.
The town is home to the Oldham Coliseum Theatre .
- Actor Anne Kirkbride
- Artist Helen Bradley
- The comedy actors Dora Bryan and Bernard Cribbins.
- Comedy double act Tommy Cannon and Bobby Ball.
- TV Presenter Philip Schofield.
- The comedian Eric Sykes.
- The Blue Coat School
- Crompton House
- Hulme Grammar School
- Saddleworth School
- The Radclyffe School 
Oldham is some distance from the Trans-Pennine M62 motorway, but is linked to it by the M66. Oldham once had five central rail stations but now has two, Werneth and Mumps. It is planned to link the town to Manchester's Metrolink tram network, but plans are currently in abeyance due to government refusal to meet the escalating costs of the required engineering work. Oldham has a bus station with frequent services to other parts of Greater Manchester.
- Oldham's heritage from Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council
- Oldham at manchester2002-uk.com
- Discussion-based list of famous Oldhamers at knowhere.co.uk
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