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Olive Tree (Italian: l'Ulivo) is a political denomination strongly related to Third Way policies in Italy and commonly adopted by center-to-left alliances of parties from 1996 to now. The name was introduced by Romano Prodi, professor of economics and former left-wing Christian Democrat.
Olive Tree - together for Italy
All United in the Olive Tree - for Europe
All United in the Olive Tree
In September 13 2004 the Olive Tree became the Federation of All United in the Olive Tree (Italian: Uniti nell'Ulivo) or, more shortly, the FED, a more strict alliance of only 3 out of 8 former affiliate parties plus the small former non-aligned European Republicans Movement .
The Olive Tree Federation is led by Romano Prodi and aims to be the core of a greater center-left coalition, called The Union (Italian: L'Unione), in order to run for the 2006 general elections and defeat Silvio Berlusconi and the House of Freedoms. Current member parties of the federation are:
- Democrats of the Left (Italian: Democratici di Sinistra)
- Daisy-Democracy is Freedom (Italian: Margherita - Democrazia Ŕ LibertÓ)
- European Republican Movement (Italian: Movimento Repubblicani Europei)
- Italian Democratic Socialists (Italian: Socialisti Democratici Italiani)
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