Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Iroquois call themselves Haudenosaunee ("The people of the longhouses") in reference to their communal lifestyle and the construction of their dwellings.
Originally the Oneida inhabited the area that later became central New York, particularly around Oneida Lake and Oneida County. They broke with the other nations of the Haudenosaunee to side with the United States in the Revolutionary War, in particular aiding George Washington at Valley Forge in 1777. After the war they were displaced by retaliatory and other raids. In 1794 they, along with other Haudenosaunee nations, signed the Treaty of Canandaigua with the United States. They were granted 6 million acres (24,000 km²) of lands, primarily in New York; this was effectively the first Indian reservation in the United States. Subsequent treaties and actions by the State of New York pared this down to 32 acres (0.1 km²). In the 1830s many of the Oneida relocated into Canada and Wisconsin, due to the rising tide of Indian Removal.
Oneida bands today
- Oneida Nation of Wisconsin , in and around Green Bay, Wisconsin
- in Southwold, Ontario
- Oneida at Six Nations of the Grand River, Ontario
- Oneida Indian Nation in New York
- Official Website of the Sovereign Oneida Nation of Wisconsin
- Oneida Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
- Pagewise : The Oneida Indians Tribe
- Cofrin Library : Oneida Bibliography
- Traditional Oneidas of New York
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