Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
General Motors Calibra
The Opel Calibra (badged as a Vauxhall in the UK and a Holden in Australia) was launched in 1989, a front-wheel drive coupé based around the running gear of the Opel Vectra A which had been launched the year before.
The Calibra, styled by the American head of GM design Europe, Wayne Cherry (retired), is considered by some the most stylish Vauxhall/Opel ever, but being based on the Vectra chassis its ride and handling were not significantly better than that of the family car from which it grew. It was, however, the most aerodynamically efficient Opel ever, with a Cx of 0.26.
Power was initially from 2.0 8-valve and 16-valve injection engines but in 1992 a 2.0 turbo with four wheel drive and a top speed of 240 km/h (150 mph) was added to the range.
In 1995, the Vectra A was replaced, but the Calibra continued until the end of 1997, when it was finally axed from the Vauxhall/Opel range. This left the marque without a coupé until the Astra Coupé was launched in 2000.
The Calibra had several engines.
- 2.0i - 115 PS (all years)
- 2.0 16v 150 PS (1990-1995)
- 2.0 16v Ecotec 136 PS (1995-1997)
- 2.0 16v Turbo 204 PS (1992-1997)
- 2.5 24v V6 Ecotec PS (1994-1997)
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