Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Orange Park, Florida
The name reflects the hope of its founders for a fruit-growing industry, but their crops were destroyed in the Great Freeze of 1894-95. Despite recovery elsewhere, the crops never came back to Orange Park.
Founded in 1877 by the Florida Winter Home and Improvement Company. Following the Civil War, the company purchased several thousand acres of the McIntosh plantation at Laurel Grove, for the purpose of creating a southern retreat and small farming community. The town was incorporated in 1879 by a special act of the Florida Legislature.
Orange Park was the home of the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, one of ten regional centers for primate research. The Orange Park center, established in 1930 by psychologist Robert Yerkes and Yale University, was the first laboratory in the United States for the study of non-human primates. In 1956, Emory University took over operation of the Center. In 1965, the center was relocated to the campus of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. In 2002, the Center was renamed the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, though officially the "Regional" name still applies.
Orange Park is located on the St. Johns River at 30°10'7" North, 81°42'31" West (30.168569, -81.708479).
The area known as Greater Orange Park, encompasses the unincorporated communities of Fleming Island Plantation, Doctor's Inlet, Orange Park South, and Bellair-Meadowbrook Terrace
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 9,081 people, 3,429 households, and 2,362 families residing in the town. The population density is 899.0/km² (2,331.1/mi²). There are 3,648 housing units at an average density of 361.2/km² (936.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 82.95% White, 10.96% African American, 0.52% Native American, 2.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. 4.60% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,429 households out of which 28.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% are married couples living together, 11.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% are non-families. 25.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 2.92.
In the town the population is spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $47,631, and the median income for a family is $58,093. Males have a median income of $36,590 versus $26,846 for females. The per capita income for the town is $24,087. 7.5% of the population and 4.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.8% of those under the age of 18 and 17.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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