Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Order of St. George
Order of St. George the Triumphant, Imperial Russian Order of Chivalry.
Full title Military Order of the Saint Grand Martyr and the Triumphant George (in Russian Voyenny Orden Sviatogo Velikomuchenika i Pobedonostsa Georgia - Военный Орден Св. Великомученика и Победоносца Георгия).
This order was established in Russian Empire in 1769 and had four degrees. It was abolished after the Russian Revolution, but was re-established on August 25, 2000 by the government of the Russian Federation.
The insignia of the order include:
Badge: A white enamelled cross pattée with a central disc bearing the image of St. George on horseback slaying the dragon. Worn on a sash by the first degree, on a ribbon around the neck by the second and third degrees, and on a chest ribbon by the fourth degree.
Star: A four-pointed gold star with the crowned cipher of St. George at the centre surrounded by the motto of the order "For Service and Bravery" ("Za Sluzhbu i Khrabrost"). Worn on the left chest by the first and second degrees.
Ribbon: three lengthwise black stripes with two orange stripes between them.
Eligibility: only for military officers and generals for their bravery on the battlefield. Non-commissioned officers and rank-and-file may receive the Cross of St. George, also in four degrees worn on a chest ribbon. Normally a person initially received the fourth degree, and would gradually be promoted to higher degrees for subsequent acts of bravery.
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