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# Science Fair Project Encyclopedia

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# Orders of magnitude (mass)

List of orders of magnitude for mass
Decade of mass Mass using SI prefixes Mass of item Item
10-35 kg 7 eV/c² = 1.2 × 10-35 kg upper limit of the rest mass of an electron neutrino
10-34 kg
10-33 kg
10-32 kg
10-31 kg 510.99906(15) 1 keV/c² = 9.1093897(54) × 10-31 kg rest mass of an electron
10-30 kg
10-29 kg
10-28 kg 105.658389(34) MeV/c² = 1.8835327(11) × 10-28 kg rest mass of a muon
10-27 kg 1 yoctogram (yg) ≈ 1.6605402 yg 1 atomic mass unit (amu) or Dalton (Da) ≈ mass of a hydrogen atom
938 MeV/c² = 1.6726231 × 10-27 kg mass of a proton - a neutron is the same mass to 3 places (mass of neutron > mass of proton)
10-26 kg 10 yg ≈ 30 yg mass of a water molecule
6.941 amu atomic mass of lithium
47.867 amu atomic mass of titanium
10-25 kg 100 yg 107.8682 amu atomic mass of silver
[259] amu atomic mass of nobelium
10-24 kg 1 zeptogram (zg) 1.6605402 zg = 1 kilodalton (kDa)
10-23 kg 10 zg
10-22 kg 100 zg
10-21 kg 1 attogram (ag)
10-20 kg 10 ag 10 ag mass of a small virus
10-19 kg 100 ag
10-18 kg 1 femtogram (fg)
10-17 kg 10 fg 1.1 × 10-17 kg mass equivalence of one joule
4.6 × 10-17 kg increase in mass by heating 1 g of water by 1 °C
10-16 kg 100 fg 6.65×10-16 kg (665 fg) E. coli bacterium
10-15 kg 1 picogram (pg)
10-14 kg 10 pg
10-13 kg 100 pg
10-12 kg 1 nanogram (ng) 1 ng mass of a human cell
10-11 kg 10 ng 15 ng Lethal dose of Botulinum toxin, the deadliest substance known, is about 200 pg/kg, so a 15 ng dose would kill almost anybody.
10-10 kg 100 ng
10-9 kg 1 microgram (µg) 2 μg Uncertainty in the mass of the prototype kilogram
10-8 kg 10 µg 2.2 × 10-8 kg the Planck mass
4.6 × 10-8 kg increase in mass by heating 1 Mg of water by 100 °C
10-7 kg 100 µg 100 µg average dose of a "hit" of LSD
200 µg average lethal dose of ricin
10-6 kg 1 milligram (mg) ≈ 0.3 mg–13 mg mass of a grain of sand
1–2 mg typical mass of a mosquito
10-5 kg 10 mg 10–30 mg Dose of DXM per labeling on most products
Caffeine in most non-coffee drinks is in the bottom half of this range.
10-4 kg 100 mg Caffeine in a cup of coffee is in this range.
0.2 g 1 metric carat
100–200 mg Maximum legal caffeine pill in United States
0.3 g average hallucinogenic dose for mescaline
10-3 kg 1 gram (g) 1 g 1 millilitre of water, approx.
~2.3 g, ~7 g United States dime: ~2.3 g, quarter: ~7 g, other common coins intermediate
10-2 kg 10 g 10 g approximate lethal dose of caffeine for an adult
17 g approximate mass of a mouse
24 g amount of ethanol in one drink
28.35 g 1 ounce (avoirdupois)
10-1 kg 100 g 150 g average mass of an adult human kidney
≈ 454 g 1 pound (avoirdupois)
1 kg 1 kilogram (kg) 1 kg 1 litre of water, approx.
2–6 kg, 3 typical a newborn baby
4.0 kg women's shotput
5–7 kg a typical housecat
5–9 kg a pizote
7.3 kg men's shotput
101 kg 10 kg 10–30 kg a CRT computer monitor
15–20 kg a medium-sized dog
70 kg an adult human
102 kg 100 kg 100 kg quintal (mainly U.S. - other countries have different definitions)
250 kg approximate mass of a lion
700 kg approximate mass of a dairy cow
907 kg 1 short ton (U.S.)
103 kg 1 tonne (t)
(1 megagram (Mg))
1000 kg 1 cubic metre of liquid water, approx.
1016 kg 1 ton (British) / 1 long ton (U.S.)
0.8–1.6 t typical passenger automobiles
3–7 t adult elephant
104 kg 10 t 11 t Hubble Space Telescope
12 t largest elephant on record
14 t bell of Big Ben
80–100 t mass of largest known dinosaur, the Argentinosaurus (estimate)
105 kg 100 t 100 t on average mass of largest animal, the blue whale
187 t International Space Station
600 t Antonov An-225 (the world's heaviest aircraft) maximum take-off mass
106 kg 1000 t
(1 gigagram (Gg))
1.5 × 106 kg mass of each gate of the Thames Barrier
2.041 × 106 kg launch mass of the Space Shuttle
107 kg 1.1 × 107 kg estimated annual production of Darjeeling tea
2.6 × 107 kg = 26 000 t = 26 kt RMS Titanic
9.97 × 107 kg heaviest train: Australia's BHP Iron Ore, 2001 record
108 kg 6.5 × 108 kg mass of largest ship, Knock Nevis, when fully loaded
109 kg 1 teragram (Tg) = 1 Mt about 6 × 109 kg = 6 Mt mass of Great Pyramid of Giza
1010 kg 6 × 1010 kg = 60 Mt mass of concrete in the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest concrete structure
1011 kg at least 3 × 1011 kg = 200 Mt Total mass of the world's humans
2 × 1011 kg = 300 Mt Mass of water stored in London storage reservoirs
1–8 × 1011 kg Estimated total mass of Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, thought to be the most plentiful creature on the planet
1012 kg 1 petagram (Pg) = 1 Gt 3.91 × 1012 kg = 3.91 Gt World oil production in 2001
1013 kg
1014 kg 2–3 × 1014 kg Estimated mass of rock exploded in eruption of Mount Tambora volcano in 1815
1015 kg 1 exagram (Eg) = 1 Tt
1016 kg
1017 kg 1.23 × 1017 kg = 123 Tt Mass of a typical asteroid
1018 kg 1 zettagram (Zg) = 1 Pt 5 × 1018 kg = 5 Pt Mass of Earth's atmosphere
1019 kg
1020 kg 8.7 × 1020 kg = 870 Pt Mass of 1 Ceres
1021 kg 1 yottagram (Yg) = 1 Et 1.35×1021 kg Total mass of Earth's oceans
1.6×1021 kg = 1.6 Et Mass of Charon
2.3×1021 kg Total mass of the Asteroid Belt
1022 kg 1.2 × 1022 kg Mass of Pluto
7.349 × 1022 kg = 73.49 Et Mass of Moon
1023 kg 1.2×1023 kg Mass of Titan
1.5×1023 kg Mass of Triton
1.5×1023 kg Mass of Ganymede
3.2×1023 kg Mass of Mercury
6.4×1023 kg Mass of Mars
1024 kg 1 zettatonne (Zt) 4.9 × 1024 kg Mass of Venus
6.0×1024 kg = 6.0 Zt Mass of Earth
1025 kg 8.7 × 1025 kg Mass of Uranus
1026 kg 1.0 × 1026 kg Mass of Neptune
5.7 × 1026 kg Mass of Saturn
1027 kg 1 yottatonne (Yt) 1.9 × 1027 kg Mass of Jupiter
1028 kg
1029 kg
1030 kg 2 × 1030 kg Mass of the Sun = 2000 Yt
approx. 3 × 1030 kg Chandrasekhar limit
1031 kg 4 × 1031 kg Mass of Betelgeuse
1032 kg
1033 kg
1034 kg
1035 kg
1036 kg
1037 kg
1038 kg Typical mass of a globular cluster
1039 kg
1040 kg
1041 kg 3.6 × 1041 kg Visible mass of the Milky Way galaxy
1042 kg 2 × 1042 kg Total mass of the Milky Way galaxy
1052 kg 2×1052 kg Mass of a critical density Universe
3 × 1052 kg Mass of the observable universe

03-10-2013 05:06:04