Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The land of the Oromo Nation is known as Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya). It is located within Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, between three and 15 degrees north latitude, and 33 and 40 degrees east longitude.
Oromia is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia. Covering 353,632 km2 from the east to the southwest of the country, its population was estimated in 2002 at about twenty-four million, making it the largest state in terms of both population and land area. Its capital is Adama.
Prior to the twenty-first century, the regional capital of Oromia was Addis Ababa. The relocation of the regional capital to Adama has sparked considerable controversy. Critics of the move believe the Ethiopian government wishes to deemphasize Addis Ababa's location within Oromia., On the other hand, the government maintains that Addis Ababa "has been found inconvenient from the point of view of developing the language, culture and history of the Oromo people."
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