Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
John Michael Osbourne (born December 3 1948, in Aston, a suburb of Birmingham, West Midlands, England), better known as Ozzy Osbourne, was the lead singer of the rock band Black Sabbath and later a popular solo artist. Osbourne has been married twice and is father to five children: Jessica Hobbs and Louis Osbourne by first wife Thelma; and Aimee, Kelly and Jack, by current wife Sharon. He is also a football (soccer) fan, supporting Aston Villa.
Ozzy Osbourne, who earned his nickname in his youth, sought a career as a rock singer after hearing The Beatles on the radio, in hopes that it would lift him out of his difficult working-class existence, in which he had some scrapes with the law. Ozzy was not a particulary talented criminal. He wore gloves to steal from houses and shops so as not to leave fingerprints, but they were fingerless gloves and he was soon arrested. He was sentenced to six weeks at Winson Green Prison . He used his time there to give himself his now famous tattoos: OZZY across his knuckles and a smiling face on each knee to cheer himself up. He had several jobs before turning to music, including testing car horns in the Lucas car factory and on the kill floor of an abattoir. Osbourne slowly began to realize his ambitions in 1967; after filling in on vocals for a band called The Music Machine, he landed the singer's duties in an outfit called The Approach, playing R&B tunes in a church basement. Personal differences led Ozzy to split with the group, however. Thanks in part to the advantage of owning his own P.A. equipment his next gig was with a group called Rare Breed, where he met and played with future Black Sabbath bandmate, bassist Terence "Geezer" Butler. Rare Breed did not last long, but Osbourne's collaboration with Butler did; in late 1968, Butler was invited to form a new group with guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward, both formerly of a fairly successful local group called Mythology. At Butler's urgings, Osbourne was brought on board, along with saxophonist Alan Clarke and another guitar player, Jim Phillips, to form the Polka Tulk Blues Band. Ozzy came up with the name after seeing it on a can of talcum powder. Iommi's style of guitar playing did not mesh well with Phillips's, however, nor with Clarke's saxophone. Polka Tulk disbanded, to reform almost immediately as a four-piece consisting of Osbourne, Iommi, Butler, and Ward.
Black Sabbath met with swift and enduring success; their early records such as their self-titled debut, Paranoid and Master of Reality in particular are considered heavy metal canon, and selections from Ozzy's Sabbath days have featured prominently in his solo performances. The rigors of touring and financial success combined to lead some of the band members to drug and alcohol abuse, including Osbourne. Nevertheless, the group remained a steadily successful act for over eight years. Over the duration, however, Iommi began to take the band's music in a more progressive and experimental direction, to Osbourne's distaste. Osbourne was kicked out of the group briefly after the band's 1976 effort Technical Ecstasy, and Sabbath went so far as to begin writing and recording with a new singer. Ozzy returned however, to record and tour behind 1978's Never Say Die, after which he left the group again in 1979, to be replaced by Ronnie James Dio. Depressed, his drug and alcohol abuse continued. He divorced his first wife, Thelma, and developed bipolar disorder. Undaunted, Osbourne attempted to launch a solo career, and met with considerable success on his very first effort.
According to press accounts, Osbourne's antics progressively worsened during the 1980s, his alcohol and drug abuse continuing. He famously bit off the head of a dove during a meeting with his newly signed record company, CBS - though it has been speculated that this was a calculated stunt meant to intimidate the label executives into giving Osbourne more favorable contractual terms. Ozzy was also hospitalized for rabies vaccinations after biting the head off of a stunned bat (which he later claimed to have thought was a rubber toy) thrown on stage by a fan. He was arrested after urinating on The Alamo while wearing one of his wife's dresses, for which he was banned from San Antonio, Texas for the next ten years. He later underwent a number of treatments for alcoholism and drug abuse.
In March 1982, while in Florida for the Diary of A Madman tour, a light aircraft carrying Randy Rhoads crashed while performing low passes over the band's tour bus. The pilot (also the tour bus driver) clipped the parked bus and crashed into a nearby house, killing himself, Rhoads, and the band's tour hairdresser. Osbourne subsequently fell into a deep depression, compounded by the death of his father.
Recovery, Or Not?
During the 1980s and 1990s, Osbourne's career was an effort on two fronts: continuing to make music without Rhoads, and getting clean. Rhoads's first replacement was Bernie Torme (who reportedly could not cope with the pressures of live performance, and who never recorded with Ozzy), followed by Brad Gillis of Night Ranger, who filled in for an album called Speak of the Devil. This live title, known in the United Kingdom as Talk of the Devil, was originally planned to consist of live recordings from 1981, primarily of Ozzy's solo material, but after Rhoads's death, Osbourne changed his mind, and the album ended up consisting entirely of Ozzy's Black Sabbath material, recorded with Gillis, Sarzo, and Aldridge.
In 1982 Ozzy was the guest vocalist on the Was (not Was) pop dance track Shake Your Head (Let's Go To Bed). He replaced the original first choice, Madonna. Her original vocal today remains just one of many Unreleased Madonna Songs. Ozzy's cut was remixed and re-released in the early 1990s for a Was (not Was) Greatest Hits album in Europe and it cracked the UK pop chart. Madonna asked that her vocal not be restored for the hits package, so new vocals by Kim Basinger were added to complement the Ozzy lead.
Jake E. Lee, formerly of Ratt and Rough Cutt , was a more successful recruit than Torme, recording 1983's Bark at the Moon (with Daisley, Aldridge, and keyboard player Don Airey) and 1986's The Ultimate Sin (with bassist Phil Soussan and drummer Randy Castillo ) and touring behind both albums.
Meanwhile, Ozzy was becoming involved in a legal battle of his own. In late 1986, he was the target in the first of a series of lawsuits brought against him, alleging that one of his songs, Suicide Solution , drove two teenagers to commit suicide because of its subliminal lyrics. Ozzy would ultimately prevail in all of the suits, which the judges would basically rule that Ozzy cannot be held accountable for a listener's actions. Soon after, Ozzy publicly acknowledged he wrote Suicide Solution about his friend, AC/DC lead singer Bon Scott, who died from alcohol abuse, and that alcohol as a solution to one's problems is not the answer (hence the song's title). However Bob Daisley claims he wrote this song about Ozzy doing drugs, and basically killing himself.
Jake E. Lee and Osbourne parted ways in 1987, however, reportedly due to musical differences. Ozzy continued to struggle with his chemical dependencies, and commemorated the fifth anniversary of Rhoads's death with Tribute, the live recordings from 1981 that had gone unreleased for years. Excellently recorded, the album cemented Rhoads's legendary stature as an imaginative and talented musician. Meanwhile, Ozzy found his most enduring replacement for Rhoads to date, a guitarist named Zakk Wylde, plucked from a New Jersey bar. Wylde joined Ozzy for his 1988 effort, No Rest for the Wicked, in which Castillo remained on drums and Daisley returned to bass duties. The subsequent tour saw Osbourne reunited with erstwhile Black Sabbath bandmate Geezer Butler on bass, and a live EP (entitled Just Say Ozzy) featuring this lineup was released two years later.
While quite successful as a heavy metal act in the 1980s, Osbourne began to enjoy much broader commercial success in the 1990s, starting with 1991's No More Tears, which enjoyed much radio and MTV exposure. It also initiated a practice of bringing in outside composers to pen much of Ozzy's solo material, instead of relying solely upon the recording ensemble to write and arrange the music. Yet another live album followed in 1993, Live and Loud. At this point Osbourne expressed his fatigue with the process of touring, and proclaimed his "retirement", which was to be short-lived. Osbourne's entire CD catalog was remastered and reissued in 1995. Also that year, he released Ozzmosis and went on stage again, dubbing his concert performances "The Retirement Sucks Tour". A greatest hits package, The Ozzman Cometh was issued in 1997.
Ozzy's biggest financial success of the 1990s was a venture named Ozzfest, created by his wife Sharon and managed loosely by his son Jack. Ozzfest was a quick hit with metal fans, spurring groups like Incubus and Black Label Society to broad exposure and commercial success. Some acts even had the pleasure to share the bill with a reformed, yet much older Black Sabbath.
Osbourne's first album of new studio material in seven years, 2001's Down to Earth met with only mediocre success, as did its live followup, Live at Budokan.
In the wake of a lawsuit by former band members Daisley and Kerslake, reportedly for unpaid royalties, Osbourne's catalogue was "remastered" again in 2002. The bass guitar and drum tracks from Osbourne's first two albums were re-recorded entirely, and the original versions (which featured Daisley and Kerslake) were dropped. At least two titles, Speak of the Devil and The Ultimate Sin, were permitted to go out of print entirely.
Osbourne garnered still greater celebrity status by the unlikely success of his own bizarre brand of reality television. The Osbournes, a program featuring the domestic life of Osbourne and his family (wife Sharon, children Jack and Kelly, but not daughter Aimee, who declined to participate), has turned into one of MTV's greatest hits.
On December 8, 2003, Osbourne was rushed into emergency surgery when he was involved in an accident involving the use of his all-terrain vehicle on his estate in Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, UK. Osbourne broke his collar bone, eight ribs and a vertebra in his neck. An operation was performed to lift the collarbone, which was believed to be resting on a major artery and interrupting blood flow to the arm. Sharon later revealed that Osbourne had stopped breathing following the crash and was resuscitated by a security guard. Hospital reports indicated that, despite the severity of his injuries, a full recovery was expected.
While in hospital, Osborne achieved his first ever UK number one single, a duet of the Black Sabbath song Changes with daughter Kelly. In doing so, he broke the record of the longest period between an artists's first UK chart appearance (with Black Sabbath, Paranoid, number four in August 1970) and their first number one hit — a gap of 33 years.
Since the accident, he has fully recovered and headlined the 2004 Ozzfest, where he again reunited with Black Sabbath. He has also turned his hand to writing a Broadway musical. The reputed topic is that of the Russian mad monk, Grigory Rasputin, who held sway with Russia's royal Romanov family. He is slated to release a box set of his solo work entitled Prince Of Darkness in 2005. It is rumoured to contain two long-awaited discs, one being a collection of outtakes, rare demos and duets, and the other being a set of cover songs. He takes on the Beatles, King Crimson and the Rolling Stones on this much-anticipated release.
He and wife Sharon are also on yet another MTV show, this time a competition come reality show entitled "Battle for Ozzfest". A number of yet unsigned bands send one member to compete in a challenge to win a spot on the 2005 Ozzfest and a possible recording contract.
In 2004, Ozzy received an NME award for "godlike genius."
Did you know?
In 1970, upon their arrival for the first time in the US, Black Sabbath were met by members of Led Zeppelin who invited them into their network. In particular, Osbourne was invited to a bar by John Bonham. Bonham allegedly produced 24 full-size bottles of champagne and said Lets have a race. Osbourne passed out after consuming 10 bottles.
The Ozzy Osbourne band actually started out as Blizzard of Ozz. When the first album, which was supposed to be a self-titled album, was to be released they had agreed to name it Blizzard of Ozz, featuring Ozzy Osbourne, but instead the record company wrote Ozzy Osbourne in big letters, and Blizzard of Ozz in small letters. After this they just named it the Ozzy Osbourne band, and called it off as a mistake. Lee Kerslake and Bob Daisley however still refers to the band as the Blizzard of Ozz.
Favourite British albums
- Revolver - The Beatles
- Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band - The Beatles
- Band on the Run - Paul McCartney
- So - Peter Gabriel
- Dark Side of the Moon - Pink Floyd
- Abbey Road - The Beatles
- Imagine - John Lennon
- Blizzard of Ozz - Ozzy Osbourne/Randy Rhoads
- Led Zeppelin - Led Zeppelin
- Machine Head - Deep Purple
- Blizzard Of Ozz - 1981, #7 UK, #21 US, US Sales: 4,000,000
- Diary of a Madman - 1981, #14 UK, #16 US, US Sales: 3,000,000
- Speak of the Devil - 1982 (live), #21 UK, #14 US, US Sales: 1,000,000
- Bark at the Moon - 1983, #24 UK, #19 US, US Sales: 3,000,000
- The Ultimate Sin - 1986, #8 UK, #6 US, US Sales: 2,000,000
- Tribute - 1987 (live), #13 UK, #6 US, US Sales: 2,000,000
- No Rest for the Wicked - 1988, #23 UK, #13 US, US Sales: 2,000,000
- Best of Ozz - 1989 (compilation, out of print)
- Ten Commandments - 1990, (rare out of print, greatest hits)
- Just Say Ozzy - 1990 (live, EP), #58 US, US Sales: 500,000
- No More Tears - 1991, #17 UK, #7 US, US Sales: 4,000,000
- Live and Loud - 1993 (live), #22 US, US Sales: 1,000,000
- Ozzmosis - 1995, #22 UK, #4 US, US Sales: 2,000,000
- The Ozzman Cometh - 1997 (compilation), #13 US, US Sales: 2,000,000
- The Ozzfest - 1997 (compilation, out of print)
- Down to Earth - 2001, #19 UK, #4 US, US Sales: 1,000,000
- Ozzfest - Second Stage Live - 2001 (compilation)
- Ozzfest 2001 The Second Millenium - 2001 (compilation)
- The Osbournes Family Album - 2002 (compilation)
- Live at Budokan - 2002 (live), #70 US
- The Essential Ozzy Osbourne - 2003 (compilation), #21 UK, #81 US
- Prince of Darkness - 2005 (box)
Solo hit singles
- 1983 "Bark at the Moon" #21 UK
- 1984 "So Tired" #20 UK
- 1986 "Shot in the Dark" #20 UK
- 1991 "No More Tears" #31 UK
- 1992 "Mama, I'm Coming Home" #28 US
- 1995 "Perry Mason" #23 UK
- 2002 "Dreamer/Gets Me Through" #18 UK
- 1988 "Close My Eyes Forever" (with Lita Ford) #29 in America
- 2003 "Changes" (with Kelly Osbourne) #1 UK
- The Official Ozzy Osbourne Website
- Daisley-Kerslake Lawsuit Dismissed In U.S. Federal Court
- The "truth" about Ozzy Osbourne
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