Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Painting is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas or a wall. This is done by a painter; this term is used especially if this is his or her profession. Humans have been painting for about 6 times as long as they have been using written language. Artistic painting is considered by many to be among the most important of the art forms.
Drawing, by comparison, is the process of making marks on a surface by applying pressure from or moving a tool on the surface.
- Main article: History of Painting
The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, dated at about 32,000 years old. They are engraved and painted using red ochre and black pigment and show horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, and mammoth. There are examples of cave painting all over the world.
See also Art history.
Painting techniques include:
- Pointillism (aka divisionism, 'stippling')
- New materials (painting)
- Computer painting (Digital)
- (Partially) destructive techniques like grattage and peinture brulÚe , with which Joan Mirˇ, among others, experimented.
- Oil, including the newer water-miscible oils
- Heat-set oils
- Pastel, including dry pastels, oil pastels, and pastel pencils
- Encaustic (wax)
- Spray paint (Graffiti)
Popular painting styles
'Style' is used in two senses:
Individual style can refer to the distinctive visual elements, techniques and methods that typify a single mature artist's work. 'Style' can also refer to the movement or school that an artist is associated with. Additionally, this can stem from an actual group that the artist was consciously involved with or it can be a category in which art historians have placed the painter.
The word 'style' has fallen out of favour in discussions about contemporary painting, though it continues to be used in popular contexts.
- Na´ve art
Common painting idioms
Painting idioms include:
- Figure painting
- Still life
A proposed and yet-unrealised development in painting is four dimensional painting.
List of painters
Shortcuts to highly popular painters:
- Paul CÚzanne, (1839-1906), French artist
- Salvador DalÝ, (1904-1989), Catalan artist
- Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890)
- Michelangelo Buonarroti, (1475-1564), Italian sculptor and painter
- Amedeo Modigliani, (1884-1920), Italian sculptor and painter
- Claude Monet, (1840-1926), French impressionist painter
- Pablo Picasso, (1881-1973), Spanish cubist artist
- Jackson Pollock, (1912-1956), US abstract expressionist painter
- Rembrandt, (1606-1669), Dutch painter
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir, (1841-1919), French impressionist painter
- Peter Paul Rubens, (1577-1640), Belgian painter
- Leonardo da Vinci, (1452-1519), Italian painter, sculptor and inventor
- http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/ Large collection of paintings (ordered by artist's name, nationality or time frame)
- Goetia Fine Art - Eroto-surrealism by Adriano Monteiro
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, United States.
- Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States.
- MusÚe d'Orsay Paris, France.
- Art Crimes. Graffiti art.
- Web Gallery of Art 12th to 18th century European paintings and sculptures.
- Olga's gallery Commercial, but large online collection of paintings.
- Art Movements A reference guide to the major art movements and periods.
- Canvas Artists Creates paintings from your photographs. Also has collection of world-famous paintings.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details