Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The company is made up of over 50 different divisions and operates in 5 different areas of publishing:
- Education publishing including English language teaching (ELT)
- Academic publishing including reference
- Science, technological and medical publishing, including the journal Nature and the other Nature Publishing Group journals
- Fiction and non-fiction book publishing
- Publishing services including distribution and production
Macmillan was founded in 1843 by Daniel and Alexander Macmillan, two brothers from the Isle of Arran, Scotland. The company started off publishing Charles Kingsley (1855), Thomas Hughes (1859), Francis Turner Palgrave (1861), Christina Rossetti (1862), Matthew Arnold (1865) and Lewis Carroll (1865). Alfred Tennyson joined the list in 1884, Thomas Hardy in 1886 and Rudyard Kipling in 1890.
After retiring from politics in 1964, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan became chairman of the company. After his death, his son Alexander Macmillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton took up the leadership of the publishers. The company was one of the oldest independent publishing houses until 1995 when a 70% share of the company was bought by German media giant Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group GmbH. Holtzbrinck purchased the remaining shares in 1999, ending the Macmillan family's ownership of the company.
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