Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Panathinaikos AC (PAO)|
|Established:||January 1, 1908|
|Club colours:||Green with white|
|President:||Argyris Mitsou ()|
|Stadium:|| Apostolos Nikolaidis/|
Leoforos Alexandras (17,000 capacity)
Panathinaikos Athletic Club (Greek: Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos) was established by George Kalafatis in 1908. At first, Panathinaikos was comprised of only one department, the football team. The emblem is with the three-leaf clover. Before the club took the name P.A.O. it was called P.O.A. (Football Club of Athens). In 1909 it changed to P.P.O. (Panhellenic Football Club), in 1918 to P.P.A.O. (Panhellenic Football and Athletic Club) and finally, in 1924 to the well known name of P.A.O. (Panathenian Athletic Club). As the years went by, Panathinaikos established many other sport departments (21 in total). Some of them are:
- The Classic Athletics department, established in the 30's.
- The Basketball department, established in 1937.
- The Swimming (also included Water Polo) department, established in 1950.
- The Volleyball department, established in 1927.
- The Table-Tennis department, established in 1935.
- The Boxing department, established in 1948.
- The Fencing department, established in 1960.
- The Wrestling department, established in 1965.
- The Gymnastics department, established in 1965.
- The Water Skiing department, established in 1965.
- The Weight Lifting department, established in 1963.
- The Cycling department, established in 1928, and
- The Chess department, established in 1959.
Panathinaikos is the most successful Greek football club in European competitions, having participated once in the European Champions Cup Final (1971 at Wembley Stadium, London, lost 2-0 to Ajax Amsterdaam) and having twice reached the semifinal of the same competition (later renamed Champions League) (1985 against Liverpool, lost 4-0 and 1-0 in two-leg tie; 1996 beating Ajax 1-0 in Amsterdam but losing the second leg by 3 goals to none).
Greek Super Cup (3x)
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