Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Initially, a single patriarch, known as the Presiding Patriarch, "presided" over the whole church. In the modern LDS Church, the office of Presiding Patriarch has been eliminated and a local patriarch now exists in every stake. The Community of Christ retains the position of "Presiding Patriarch" or "Presiding Evangelist"; the ordination of women led the church to stop using the term "Presiding Patriarch" and to refer to those of the "Order of Evangelists" using only the term "evangelists" rather than using the terms "patriarchs," or "patriarch and evangelists" to refer to the members of that order.
In the Community of Christ, calls to the office of evangelist orginate from members the Council of Twelve Apostles following consultation with the Presiding Evangelist. They are aproved by the Council of Twelve Apostles and the First Presidency, and vote is taken by either the World Conference or by a Mission Center conference to sustain and approve that call.
In the LDS church, a patriarch is called under the direction of The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and, once ordained, remains a Patriarch for life (excepting circumstances of excommunication). Though he can be relieved of his responsibilities as the official patriarch for a particular unit, he will still be able to function as a patriarch in the apporpriate context (such as in cases where there is no other patriarch available). If a patriarch is called to serve as the official stake partriarch again, he would not be "re-ordained," only "re-set apart" (Bishop is the only other calling within the general membership where this is so).
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