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Patriarch of Venice
Among the Patriarchates in the West, the Pope, as Bishop of Rome is the only truly independent Patriarch. Of the "minor Patriarchates" which Rome has always claimed to be subsidiary to the Holy See, the oldest survivor in modern times is the Patriarch of Venice, a title permitted to the Archbishop of Venice since 1451. Venice is one of the three so-called smaller Patriarchates, together with Lisbon and the Patriarch of the East Indies, based in Goa, India. Currently, the only advantage of this purely formal title is the bishop's place of honor in papal processions.
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