Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Stephanus Johannes Paul Kruger (October 10, 1825 - July 14 1904), a.k.a. "Oom" (Uncle) Paul, was born in Cradock in the Colesberg district, Cape Colony, to a family of Prussian descent. He was a prominent Boer resistance leader against British rule and became president of the Transvaal Republic on December 30, 1880. He was elected president four times, the last in 1898.
On October 11, 1899, the Second Boer War started. In October 1900, he left South Africa by the battleship De Gelderland, sent by the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina. His wife, Gezina Kruger, was too ill to travel and remained in South Africa, dying on July 20, 1901. Kruger went to Marseilles and stayed for a while in The Netherlands, before moving to Clarens in Switzerland, where he died on July 14, 1904. He was buried on December 16, 1904 in the Church Street cemetery, Pretoria.
His former Pretoria residence is now the Kruger House Museum.
In 2004 he was voted 27th in the Top 100 Great South Africans ( see List of South Africans)
- Brief biography on the Kruger National Park web page
- Longer biography at the Kruger House Museum web site
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