Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Penghu County emblem
|County magistrate||Lai Feng-wei (賴峰偉)|
|County flower:||Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella)|
|County tree:||Chinese Banyan (Ficus microcarpa)|
|County bird:||Small Skylark (Alauda gulgula)|
|County fish:||Spotted Grouper (Epinephelus megachir)|
The Pescadores Islands (Chinese: 澎湖群島; Wade-Giles: P'eng-hu; Pinyin: Pénghú, from Portuguese, "fishermen") are an archipelago in the Taiwan Strait. They are administered by the Republic of China as Penghu County of Taiwan Province.
"P'eng-hu" was first recorded in unofficial historical records and regional logs in 1171 during the Southern Song Dynasty. From the middle of the 17th century to 1895, Formosa (Taiwan) and the Pescadores (Penghu) were ruled by pirates, the colonial Dutch Empire, the Koxinga kingdom, and the Manchu Empire, successively.
In the Cairo Declaration of 1943, the United States, United Kingdom, and China stated it to be their purpose that "all the territories that Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Formosa and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China."
On July 26, 1945, the three governments issued the Potsdam Declaration, declaring that "the terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out," but did not formally do so in the Treaty of San Francisco. In the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan gave up the sovereignty over Formosa and the Pescadores but did not state to whom it ceded these islands.
Penghu County comprises of one city and five townships: (in Tongyong Pinyin)
- Magong City (馬公市 pinyin: Mǎgōng): 34 municipal villages (里 li)
- Husi Township (湖西鄉 Húxī): 22 town villages (村 ts'un)
- Baisha Township (白沙鄉 Báishā): 15
- Siyu Township (西嶼鄉 Xīyǔ): 11
- Cimei Township (七美鄉 Qīměi): 6
- Wang-an Township (望安鄉 Wàng'ān): 9
Altogether, there are 97 villages.
See also: Political divisions of Taiwan
- Official website | (English)
- Township-division map (in Traditional Chinese)
- Township-division map II (in Tongyong Pinyin with English and Traditional Chinese)
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