Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Peter Hounam (born 1944) is a British journalist who interviewed Mordechai Vanunu for the Sunday Times in 1986, revealing Israel's secret nuclear program. He has worked for The Mirror, the London Evening Standard, and BBC Television, and published the books Secret Cult about the School of Economic Science in London, and The Mini-Nuke Conspiracy about nuclear weapons in South Africa. In 1996, Hounam founded Vision Paperbacks , of which he is the Chairman.
In April 2004, Hounam traveled to Israel for Vanunu's release from prison on April 21, 2004. Vanunu had spent 18 years in Israeli jails, following his abduction from England (via Italy) by the Mossad in 1986.
At approximately 9:30 PM on May 26, 2004, while working on a BBC documentary about Vanunu, Hounam was taken from his hotel in Jerusalem by five plainclothes Shin Bet officers, reportedly for having contact with Vanunu, who is not allowed to see journalists without special permission. Before being taken, Hounam was able to inform an Amnesty International activist of his arrest, but did not get access to a lawyer.
On May 27, 2004, the Jerusalem district court imposed a gag order, preventing further details of the arrest from becoming known. Hounam was scheduled to make a court appearance, as the security services request permission from the courts to continue holding him.
Reportedly, on May 22, 2004, Vanunu was secretly interviewed for Hounam's paper, the Sunday Times, by Yael Lotan , an Israeli journalist. Her two hour interview was videotaped by an Israeli television crew. Hounam apparently knew of the interview, and was planning to use portions of it in his documentary. He had been on his way to meet Lotan when he was arrested.
Hounam's wife Hilarie Hounam disputed the allegations that her husband violated the unusual conditions placed upon Vanunu's release. Speaking from the family's home in the Scottish town of Aberfeldy she said "Peter has been absolutely scrupulous in following the letter of the regulations. He hasn't talked to him [Vanunu] since the day of his release, and everything has had to be done second- or third-hand, through his brother and through lawyers." She added: "I think the secret services can pretty much do what they like in Israel, and this is of no surprise to Peter—he's known Israel well for 18 years and has been following Vanunu's case all that time."
Hounam was detained for one day, during which the case attracted intense media coverage, and after which he was released without charge. Israel's Attorney General reportedly ordered his release, after consulting with the heads of the security services, in order to lower the profile of the case. Hounam returned to the UK on May 28th, and the BBC announced it would broadcast the Vanunu interview on the following Sunday.
Hounam, Peter. The Woman from Mossad: The Torment of Mordechai Vanunu. ISBN 1583940057 paperback edition title: The Woman from Mossad: The Story of Mordechai Vanunu & the Israeli Nuclear Program
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