Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
George Edward Peter Thorneycroft, Baron Thorneycroft (1909-1994) was a British Conservative politician who sat as MP for Monmouth in South Wales from 1945 to 1970. He served as President of the Board of Trade under Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden. In 1957, Harold Macmillan appointed him Chancellor of the Exchequer, one of the most senior positions in the government. He resigned in 1958, along with two junior Treasury Ministers, Enoch Powell and Nigel Birch , in objection to increased government expenditure. Macmillan, himself a former Chancellor, made a famous and much-quoted remark to the effect that the resignations were merely "a little local difficulty". In reality, Macmillan was deeply concerned about the possible effects of Thorneycroft's resignation, but chose to hide his worries from public view. The phrase is now so well-known that most people do not know what or who it refers to.
Thorneycroft returned to the Cabinet in 1960 and held a number of posts in government and then in opposition under Macmillan and Alec Douglas-Home. Ted Heath, who became leader of the party in 1965, had been Chief Whip when Thorneycroft resigned in 1958 and had seen the resignation as a betrayal. He removed Thorneycroft from the Shadow Cabinet in 1966. Thorneycroft left the House of Commons soon after, receiving a life peerage and taking a seat in the House of Lords as Baron Thorneycroft of Dunston in the County of Stafford. Thorneycroft was a strong supporter of Margaret Thatcher's monetarist policies, which had been inspired by Enoch Powell, and Thatcher made him Chairman of the Conservative Party in 1975. He held this position until 1981.
Sir Hartley Shawcross
|President of the Board of Trade|
Sir David Eccles
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
|Minister of Aviation |
|Minister of Defence|
|Secretary of State for Defence|
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