Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Philip Gerald Givens
A Liberal, Givens was a long time member of Toronto's city council. He served as Mayor from 1963 to 1966 and he led a public campaign to purchase a sculpture by artist Henry Moore, "The Archer", for placement in Toronto's Nathan Phillips Square in front of Toronto City Hall. Though vigorously opposed at the time by traditionalists Givens got his way and the sculpture has become a beloved piece of public art. The controversy had a political cost however and Givens was defeated when he ran for re-election as mayor in 1966.
Givens ran for the Canadian House of Commons in the 1957 Canadian election and 1958 Canadian election but was defeated in his bid to become MP for Spadina. He was finally elected to Parliament in the 1968 Canadian election from the suburban Toronto riding of York West but resigned in 1971 before his term was complete in order to run for a seat in the Ontario legislature on behalf of the Ontario Liberal Party. He was defeated in 1971 but was elected an MPP in 1975 defeating future Toronto mayor Mel Lastman. After retiring from politics in 1977 Givens was given a judicial appointment.
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