Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Philippe de Champaigne
He was a pupil of Fouquières, a landscape painter. He came to Paris in 1621, where he worked with Nicolas Poussin on the decoration of the Palais du Luxembourg under the direction of Nicolas Duchesne , whose daughter he married.
After the death of his protector Duchesne, Philippe worked for the Queen Mother, Marie de Medicis, and for Richelieu, for whom he decorated the cardinal's palace, the Dome of the Sorbonne church and other buildings. He was a founding member of the Académie Royale de Peinture in 1848.
Later in his life (1640), he came under the influence of Jansenism. After his paralysed daughter was miraculously cured at the nunnery of Port-Royal, he painted the celebrated but untypical picture Ex-Voto (1662), now in the Louvre, which represents the artist's daughter with Mother-Superior Cathérine-Agnès Arnauld.
He produced a very large number of paintings, mainly religious paintings and portraits. Influenced by Rubens at the beginning of his career, his style became more austere later on.
He died in Paris.
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