Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Altria's tobacco subsidiary Philip Morris is the world's largest commercial tobacco company by sales (the China National Tobacco Company and Japan Tobacco sell larger volumes). Their flagship Marlboro brand is the world's second most popular tobacco brand after Japan Tobacco's Mild Seven. Other popular tobacco brands owned by Phillip Morris are Parliament, Virginia Slims, West (in Germany), and Benson and Hedges (in some markets only).
Philip Morris was begun by a London tobacconist of the same name. He was one of the first people to sell hand-rolled cigarettes in the 1860s, selling them under the brand names Oxford and Cambridge Blues, following the adoption of cigarette smoking by British soldiers returning from the Crimean War. The company opened its New York office in 1902 and soon became part of James Duke's American Tobacco monopoly.
Though Altria's headquarters are still in New York, in 2004 its Philip Morris USA division completed a move of its 682 New York based employees to Richmond, Virginia in order to consolidate operations at its Richmond office and achieve cost savings for shareholders [see Reference #1].
Philip Morris bought Kraft Foods on October 30, 1988 for US$13.1 billion, in a bid to diversify from the declining tobacco business and to reduce litigation risk. It also purchased the Nabisco division of the former RJR Nabisco in 2000.
In November 2004, it was annouced that Altria was considering splitting itself into three separate companies, because the United States tobacco liability problem was lowering the valuation of all areas of its business, including international tobacco sales.
- Benson & Hedges
- Chesterfield (named for Chesterfield County, Virginia)
- Collector's Choice
- English Ovals
- Virginia Slims
Food & Beverage
- Jacobs coffee
- Kaffee HAG
- Kraft cheese
- Lenders Bagels
- Maxwell House
- Miracle Whip
- Oscar Mayer meats
- Post Cereals
- Philadelphia cream cheese
- Shake n Bake
- Chairman and CEO: Louis C. Camilleri
- SVP and CFO: Dinyar S. Devitre
- SVP, Corporate Affairs: Steven C. Parrish
- CEO, Philip Morris USA: Michael Szymanczyk
- Altria Group official site
- Philip Morris International official site
- Philip Morris USA official site
- Kraft Foods official site´
- SABMiller official site
- Yahoo! - Altria Group, Inc. Company Profile
1. Press Release detailing PMUSA move to Richmond 
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