Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Phillips Academy is one of the premier preparatory schools in the United States, with a history of educating America's elites for universities, particularly Yale University. While this traditional relationship has declined, Phillips Academy now prepares its graduates for a wide range of universities, including Harvard University, which now tops the list, Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University, New York University, Northwestern University, the University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, MIT, and Princeton University.
Phillips Academy was founded during the American Revolution as an all-boys school in 1778 by Samuel Phillips, Jr . The great seal of the school was designed by Paul Revere. George Washington sent his nephews to the academy, and spoke at an assembly while visiting. John Hancock, the famous signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, signed the articles of incorporation.
The 500 acre campus, which is predominated by neo-Georgian architecture, was laid out by Frederick Law Olmstead. The campus is centered around the Great Lawn, which spans several hectares. Some of the most architecturally notable campus structures include the Memorial Bell Tower, which is currently undergoing a $5 million renovation, Samuel Phillips Hall, Bullfinch Hall, and Pearson Hall.
Paul Revere incorporated the symbols of bees, a beehive, and the sun into the school's great seal. The school's primary Latin motto, Finis Origine Pendet, meaning "the end depends upon the beginning," is scrolled across the bottom of the seal. The school's second motto, Non Sibi, located in the sun, means "not for self." Phillips Academy was chartered to educate "qualified youth from every quarter."
Phillips Academy, which, accepts about 21 percent of its applicants, offers a broad curriculum as well as a variety of extracurricular activities, ranging from the 30 competitive sports to various music ensembles to the campus newspaper and debate club. The academy recently completed a successful $208 million fundraising campaign called "Campaign Andover," which brought its endowment to around $550 million in 2004. Currently, Phillips Academy's endowment is valued at approximately $620 million (03.21.2005).
As a result of the movement to make secondary schools and colleges co-educational in the 1960s and 1970s, Phillips Academy merged with neighboring Abbot Academy in 1973. Abbot, which was founded in 1829 and named for Sarah Abbot , and was the first school for girls in New England. It educated elite American women for 144 years.
- Hafsat Abiola (graduated 1992)
- Julia Alvarez (graduated Abbot 1967)
- Bill Belichick (graduated 1971)
- L. Paul Bremer (graduated 1959)
- Humphrey Bogart (c. 1917; it should be noted that he was expelled. One story says that he threw a groundskeeper into Rabbit Pond; another says that he was expelled for a combination of bad grades and drinking/smoking.)
- Edgar Rice Burroughs
- George H. W. Bush (1936 - 1942)
- George W. Bush (graduated 1964)
- Jeb Bush (graduated 1971)
- Lincoln Chafee (graduated 1971)
- William Sloane Coffin (graduated 1942)
- Joseph Cornell (1917 - 1921)
- Dana Delany (graduated 1974)
- Walker Evans (c. 1920)
- John Murray Forbes
- Jeffrey Garten (graduated 1964)
- A. Bartlett Giamatti (graduated 1956)
- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (graduated 1825)
- John F. Kennedy, Jr. (1976 - 1979)
- Richard Kerry, father of John Kerry
- Vanessa Kerry, daughter of John Kerry (graduated 1995)
- Donald Klopfer (graduated 1918)
- John Lardner (graduated 1929)
- Jack Lemmon (graduated 1943)
- Samuel Morse (graduated 1805)
- Paul Monette (graduated 1963)
- Jane Pratt (graduated 1980)
- Godfrey Anderson Rockefeller
- James Hardy Ropes (graduated 1885)
- Peter Sellars (graduated 1975)
- James Spader (c. 1977)
- Lyman Spitzer
- Benjamin Spock (c. 1921)
- Frank Stella
- Henry Stimson (graduated 1883)
- William Davis Taylor (graduated 1927)
- Ming Tsai (graduated 1982)
- Josiah Dwight Whitney (c. 1835)
- Richard A. Wolf (graduated 1964)
- Philip Wrigley (c. 1911)
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