Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A pier was originally a raised walkway over water that is supported by piles or pillars, as opposed to a quay or wharf. The original function was to provide access to the water either for loading and unloading facities for boats or for ritual purposes. Today the most common form of pier is the industrial pier which can be found at ports and marinas throught the world.
Piers in the UK
In the 19C cast and wrought iron piers were built for promanading, berthing of passenger ferries and general recreational use. There are many of these in the United Kingdom, some of remarkable architectural merit, and in that country the unqualified term 'pier' almost invariably refers to such a structure.
Piers were found in all fashionable seaside towns during the Victorian era, and are still retained by many, although many have been lost.
Wigan Pier was the subject of a well known Music Hall joke, since the name was given to a small jetty used to load canal barges - besides which Wigan is miles from the sea. It became world famous after George Orwell entitled a book of social commentary The Road to Wigan Pier. Withernsea pier, England, was demolished in the 1900s after being left just 15 metres long after being struck by ships four times.
In 2002 it was stated in Parliament that there were 80 piers in England that had been designated by the Government as listed buildings. However this conflicts with the total figure of 55 piers given by the National Piers Society.
History of the pier
List of piers and locations with piers
- Brighton (with photograph)
- Great Yarmouth
- Ryde Pier
- Totland , Isle of Wight
Rest of the world
- Belgium: Blankenberge
- Denmark: Copenhagen
- Netherlands: Scheveningen - has two decks, the upper one open air, the lower one closed
- Poland: Sopot, Gdansk-Brzezno (German:Danzig), Miedzyzdroje (Photo of the pier)
- Sweden: Malm÷
- Atlantic coast
- Pacific coast
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