Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Pittsboro, North Carolina
Pittsboro was established as a town in 1785; the Chatham County Court House stood on land belonging to Miles Scurlock; however, in 1787, the legislature declared that a town could not be established on Scurlock's land. The town's trustees instead purchased adjacent land belonging to William Petty and laid out the town. That same year, Pittsboro was officially named the county seat. Although Chatham County is named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, Pittsboro is named for his son, William Pitt the Younger.
Pittsboro is located at 35°43'13" North, 79°10'35" West (35.720332, -79.176393)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 2,226 people, 855 households, and 535 families residing in the town. The population density is 255.8/km² (663.1/mi²). There are 939 housing units at an average density of 107.9/km² (279.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 64.38% White, 27.54% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.99% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. 8.81% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 855 households out of which 29.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% are married couples living together, 18.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are non-families. 32.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.34 and the average family size is 2.97.
In the town the population is spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 75.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $35,800, and the median income for a family is $42,391. Males have a median income of $29,500 versus $26,719 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,863. 18.3% of the population and 19.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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