Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
This unit was first developed by Max Planck who wished to create a system of measurement based on natural units. These are all based on the Planck mass. Although quantum mechanics and general relativity were unknown at the time that the units were proposed, it later became clear that at distances of the Planck length, gravity would begin to display quantum mechanical effects, requiring a theory of quantum gravity to predict what happens.
- G is the gravitational constant
- c is the speed of light in vacuum
By the Heisenberg uncertainty principle of standard quantum mechanics, an object whose position was accurate to the Planck length would have an uncertainty in momentum approximately 3.2629 kg m / s. What this means is, if one could determine the position of a baseball and be accurate to the Planck length, it would be impossible to distinguish a speed of zero (at rest) from a speed of 22.89 m/s (approximately 51 miles an hour).
Note that this doesn't say that you lose some of your sight. Most people can, at a glance, tell whether something is moving at 22.89 m/s or is at rest. What this really means, is that, because of this glance, you can't be accurate to the Planck length with the baseball's position.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details