Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- For the culinary term see poaching (cooking).
- The game or fish is out of season.
- The animal is on restricted land.
- The means used are illegal (for example, baiting a field while hunting quail)
- The animal or fish is protected by law (see for example the Endangered Species Act for the USA)
Poaching was a form of hunting unique to the poor, especially during the eras when hunting was a privilege reserved (in Europe) to landowners—and therefore to the richs and aristocrats: in France, between the Middle Ages and the 14th century, hunting was legally restricted to the nobility. In the 16th century, killing a deer (a royal animal) was punishable by death. These privileges were abolished in the French Revolution.
Threat to wildlife
Organized poaching threatens extinction for a number of species, especially those which have valuable body parts. Some animal parts are valued as ornaments, such as ivory from elephants or skin from tigers. Other parts are valued for use in traditional medicine, particularly in Asia (see traditional Chinese medicine), such as the horn of the rhinoceros, tiger bones and animal genitals.
Animals perceived as dangerous to humans or their livestock, such as tigers and wolves, are also threatened by illegal hunting.
A further kind of poaching is live capture of animals, typically for the pet trade or for use as performing animals . Adult animals may be deliberately killed in order to capture their young, and often, only a small number of the animals captured will survive to be sold . Parrots and other birds, reptiles, primates and invertebrates are common targets for the pet trade. Animals commonly taken as performing animals include monkeys and bears. 
See endangered species.
The verb is also used nowadays to refer to the act of hiring employees which were already employed by another company (especially a competitor) or trying to do so by offering contracts to already employed persons.
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