Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The pound-force is a non-SI unit of force or weight (properly abbreviated "lbf" or "lbf"). The pound-force is equal to a mass of one pound multiplied by the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (which is defined as exactly 9.806 65 m/s², or exactly 196,133/6096 ft/s², or approximately 32.174 05 ft/s²).
Though pounds-force had been used in low-precision measurements since the 18th century, they were never well-defined units until the 20th century. It was in 1901 when the CGPM first adopted a standard acceleration of gravity for the purpose of defining grams-force and kilograms-force, a value often borrowed to define pounds-force, though other values such as 32.16 ft/s² (9.80237 m/s²) have been used as well.
See pound for a more complete discussion of customary units of force and mass.
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