Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Abbreviation: 青 (pinyin: Qīng)|
|Origin of Name|| 青 qīng - green/blue|
海 hǎi - sea
| Capital and|
|CPC Qinghai Committee Secretary||Zhao Leji|
|Area||721,000 km² (4th)|
| Population (2002) |
| 5,290,000 (30th) |
| GDP (2002)|
- per capita
| 34.1 billion ¥ (29th) |
6448 ¥ (18th)
|Major Nationalities (2000)|| Han - 54%|
Tibetan - 23%
Hui - 16%
Tu - 4%
Salar - 1.8%
Mongol - 1.8%
Qinghai (; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai) is a province of the People's Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake (Koko Nor). It borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast, and Tibet on the southwest.
Qinghai is located on the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau. The Yellow River (Huang He) originates in the middle of the province, while the Yangtze and Mekong have their sources in the southern part.
The Lanqing Railway , running between Lanzhou, Gansu and Xining, the province's capital, was completed in 1959 and is the major transportation route in and out of the province. A continuation of the line, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, has become one of the most ambitious projects in PRC history, and will, by completion, connect Tibet with the rest of China through Qinghai. Six National Highways run through the province. Xining Airport provides service to Beijing, Lanzhou, Gormund and Dolingha .
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