Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Queen Anne's War
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) was the second in a series of four French and Indian Wars fought between France and Great Britain in North America for control of the continent and was the counterpart of War of the Spanish Succession in Europe.
Early in the war, the English captured Spanish-held St. Augustine, Florida in 1702. English military aid to the colonists was largely ineffective or deflected in defense of the areas around Charleston, South Carolina, and the New York-New England frontier with the Canadian territories. French forces and allied indigenous tribes attacked New England from Canada, destroying Deerfield, Massachusetts in 1704.
Following the capture of French-held Port Royal in 1710, Acadia became the British1 province of Nova Scotia. By 1712 an armistice was declared. Under terms spelled out in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), Britain gained Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay region, and the Caribbean island of St. Kitts. The peace lasted until the next of the French and Indian Wars, King George's War in 1744.
The British conquest of Acadia would ultimately bring severe consequences for its French inhabitants. In 1755, during the French and Indian War, many would be expelled from the colony. Some would eventually make their way to Louisiana.
1 In 1707, England and Scotland were unified as the Kingdom of Great Britain, sharing a single Parliament at Westminster under the Act of Union 1707. After this, Scottish troops joined their English counterparts in the war.
- King William's War (1689-1697)
- King George's War (1744-1748)
- French and Indian War (1754-1763), not to be confused with French and Indian Wars
- Queen Anne
- British military history
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details