Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
He was born in Waukegan, Illinois, and his family moved several times, eventually settling in Los Angeles in 1934. In his family were many publishers of books and not surprisingly, Bradbury was a reader and writer throughout his youth. He graduated high school in Los Angeles but could not afford college. To make a living, he sold newspapers. He educated himself at the library and being influenced by science fiction heroes like Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers, Bradbury soon began to successfully publish science fiction stories. He sold his first stories to pulp magazines in the early 1940s. His first book, the collection Dark Carnival, was published in 1947.
He has also worked on screenplays, including Moby Dick (1956) and King of Kings (1961), directed by John Huston and Nicholas Ray, respectively. Bradbury wrote the voice-over narration for King of Kings, notably Christ's final monologue, but did not receive screen credit.
Bradbury had originally intended to write several scripts for the original Twilight Zone (1959), though his sole contribution to the series was an adaptation of his own short story "I Sing the Body Electric!".
His short story "The Foghorn", in which a sea monster mistakes a foghorn for the mating cry of a female, was adapted into the film The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms in 1953. Several of his stories were adapted by EC Comics in the 1950s, and later, a number of his novels were made into films. The Martian Chronicles was made into a miniseries starring Rock Hudson in 1979. Adaptations of his short stories were used as the basis for a television series, the Ray Bradbury Theater , along with his own screenplays, in the mid 1980s. A film adaptation of A Sound of Thunder is due to be released in 2005.
In between his fiction work Bradbury has written many short essays on serious subjects concerning the Arts and Culture, attracting the attention of serious critics in this field.
Note that for Bradbury, there is some blurring of categories, and the distinctions below are somewhat subjective, for he frequently has written multiple short stories about a set of characters or a subject, making minor edits or adding supplemental material, and calling the results a "novel".
- (1953) Fahrenheit 451 (adapted for the screen in 1966 by the French film director François Truffaut)
- (1957) Dandelion Wine
- (1962) Something Wicked This Way Comes
- (1972) The Halloween Tree
- (1985) Death Is a Lonely Business
- (1990) A Graveyard for Lunatics
- (1992) Green Shadows, White Whale
- (1998) Ahmed and the Oblivion Machines
- (2001) From the Dust Returned
- (2003) Let's All Kill Constance
- (2003) It Came From Outer Space
Short story collections
- (1947) Dark Carnival
- (1950) The Martian Chronicles
- (1951) The Illustrated Man
- (1953) The Golden Apples of the Sun (contains "A Sound of Thunder")
- (1955) The October Country
- (1959) A Medicine for Melancholy (contains "All Summer in a Day")
- (1960) R is for Rocket
- (1969) I Sing The Body Electric!
- (1970) S is for Space
- (1988) The Toynbee Convector
- (1998) Driving Blind
- (2002) One More for the Road
- (2003) Bradbury Stories
Honors and Awards
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Ray Bradbury has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6644 Hollywood Blvd.
There is an asteroid named in his honor called (9766) Bradbury, along with a crater on the moon called "Dandelion Crater" (named after his novel, Dandelion Wine).
The "About the Author" sections in several of his published works claim that he has been nominated for an Academy Award. A search of the Academy's awards database  proves this to be incorrect. Two films he has worked on, Icarus Montgolfier Wright and Moby Dick have been nominated for Oscars, but Bradbury himself has not.
- Ray Bradbury - Official site
- Illustrated guide to Bradbury's stories (English, Polish and Russian languages)
- exhaustive bibliography at FantasticFiction.com
- Survey of Scholarship Detailed look at critical scholarship of Bradbury's works throughout his career.
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