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Reformism (also called revisionism or revisionist theory) is the belief that gradual changes in a society can ultimately change its fundamental structures. It is a key component of the movement known as democratic socialism. This movement is contrasted to "revolutionary socialism ", which believes that there must be a revolution to fundamentally change a society.
Rosa Luxemburg was a prominent polemicist against reformism, with her essay Reform or Revolution?, written in 1900, where she assailed the "Evolutionary Socialism" of Eduard Bernstein. The Bolsheviks held a similar view, but Luxemburg died in the German Revolution while her counterparts won the Russian Civil War and founded the Soviet Union.
- Karl Marx
- Antonio Gramsci
- Cultural hegemony
- Evolutionary socialism
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