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Primarily refers to two land-locked regions named after Cecil Rhodes, separated largely through a natural border provided by the Zambezi River. The name, no longer in use (though there is a village by the same name, north of Mansfield, Nottinghamshire), underwent several changes throughout its history (disambiguation follows each political-geographic area chronologically).
- Northern Rhodesia (1910-1963) — Zambia:
- BSA Co. administered — North Zambezia (1894-1900);
- With South Zambezia — Rhodesia protectorate (1895-1900);
- Divides — North West Rhodesia and North East Rhodesia (1900-1910);
- Recombined — BSA Co. Northern Rhodesia protectorate, (1910-1924);
- British rule — British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia (1924-1953);
- Central African Federation —Territory of Northern Rhodesia (1953-1963).
- Southern Rhodesia (1901-1964), Rhodesia (1964-1979) — Zimbabwe.
- Mashonaland and Matabeleland — BSA Co. protectorates (1888-1894);
- Combined — South Zambezia (1894-1895);
- Combined with North Zambezia — Rhodesia protectorate (1895-1901);
- Divides, South Zambezia reunited — Southern Rhodesia (1901-1923);
- Co. charter ends — British colony of Southern Rhodesia (1923-1953);
- CAF — Territory of Southern Rhodesia (1953-1963);
- CAF dissolution — British colony, again (1963-1964);
- UDI — Rhodesia (1965-1979), a Republic (1968-1979);
- Internal Settelment — Zimbabwe-Rhodesia (1979-1980);
- Pre-elections — British colony, again; the last colony on the planet (1980).
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