Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Richard A. Clarke (born 1951) provided national security advice to four U.S. presidents: Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, consulting on issues of intelligence and terrorism, from 1973 to 2003. Clarke's specialties are cyber security , counterterrorism and homeland security. He was the counter-terrorism adviser on the U.S. National Security Council when the September 11 attacks occurred.
He resigned in January of 2003 to work on his book, Against All Enemies, which came out in early 2004. He testified before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States on March 24, 2004.
Richard Clarke was born in 1951, the son of a Pennsylvania factory worker. He studied at the Boston Latin School and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1972. In 1973, he began work in the Federal Government as an employee in the Department of Defense.
Starting in 1985, Clarke served in the Reagan Administration as Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence. During the presidential administration of George H.W. Bush, he coordinated diplomatic efforts to support the 1990-1991 Gulf War and the subsequent security arrangements. He also advised Madeleine Albright during the Rwanda crisis. His positions inside the government have included:
- United States National Security Council, 1992-2003
- Special Advisor 2001-2003
- National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Counter-terrorism, 1998-2000
- Chair of the Counter-terrorism Security Group , 1992-2003
- United States Department of State 1985-1992
- Assistant Secretary of State for Politico-Military Affairs, 1989-1992
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence, 1985-1988
Since leaving government, Clarke has been an on-air consultant for ABC News and Chairman of Good Harbor Consulting, LLC.
Clarke and his communications with the Bush administration regarding bin Laden and associated terrorist plots targeting the United States were mentioned frequently in National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice's public interview by the 9/11 investigatory commission on April 8, 2004.
According to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Clarke gave the final okay for the members of the bin Laden family living in the U.S. to fly to Saudi Arabia on Sept. 14, 2001.
Book: Against All Enemies
Main article: Against All Enemies
In March 2004, Clarke's published, Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror--What Really Happened (ISBN 0743260244). The book was critical of past and present presidential administrations for the way they handled the war on terror both before and after September 11, but focused much of its criticism on Bush for failing to take sufficient action to protect the country in the elevated-threat period before the September 11, 2001 attacks and for the 2003 invasion of Iraq, which Clarke feels greatly hampered the war on terror, and was a distraction from the real terrorists.
Many of the events described in the book were also described by Clarke in his almost 20 hours of testimony under oath before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission), a portion in its public hearings.
Clarke's testimony and tenor were vigorously attacked by conservatives and the Bush Administration. Some families of the victims of September 11 attacks were very supportive of him, while others felt he was self-aggrandizing and that his criticisms were misplaced. Some 36 family members critical of Clarke signed a letter written by Jim Boyle that stated, "few of the voices of September 11th have been critical of President Bush's campaign advertisements that, in a respectful way, recall the incredible challenges we all faced. These few voices do not speak for us." Opponents of Clarke's book also alleged that he had a bias against Bush, citing an interview in which Clarke stated that he voted for Gore in the 2000 presidential election.
- Chairman, Good Harbor Consulting
- Advisory Board Member, Civitas Group, LLC 
- "Profile: Richard Clarke". BBC.
- "Attacks on Richard Clarke " Guardian UK .
- Field, Chris, "On Richard Clarke". March 22, 2004
- NPR : Richard Clarke Book Reaction
- Richard Clarke, at War With Himself from Time magazine
- Clarke's Take on Terror from CBS News
- frontline the man who knew interviews richard a. clarke PBS
- "Richard Clarke Talks Cybersecurity and JELL-O," an exclusive interview with IEEE Security & Privacy magazine after the 9/11 testimony
- "Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror" Streaming video of Richard Clarke talk at the University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign on March 8th, 2005
Note: A version of this article also appears in the Disinfopedia.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details