Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Right Livelihood Award
The Right Livelihood Award, established in 1980 by Jakob von Uexkull, is presented annually in the Swedish Parliament, on December 9, to honour those "working on practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today". An international jury decides the award in such fields as environmental protection, human rights, sustainable development, health, education, peace, etc. The prize money is shared among the winners, usually four, and is equivalent to US$230,000.
It also sometimes known as the Alternative Nobel Prize, although it is not related to the Nobel Prize. RLA have chosen to have their ceremony the day before the Nobel Prize. On their web page, they make variousous comparisons with the Nobel Prize, and they also provide a number of diagrams detailing how much more fair distribution of the RLA prizes is than Nobel. 
Recipients include: Plenty International, Bill Mollison, Wes Jackson, George Trevelyan, Petra Kelly, Wangari Maathai, Robert Jungk, Chipko movement, Survival International, Edward Goldsmith, Vandana Shiva, Astrid Lindgren, Juan Garcés , Leonardo Boff , Johan Galtung, Asghar Ali Engineer, Frances Moore-Lappé, Memorial Society, etc.
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