Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
River Tyne, England
The combined Tyne flows from Hexham through Corbridge in Northumberland. It enters the county of Tyne and Wear at Prudhoe and continues through Blaydon, the seven bridges of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, then Gateshead and Jarrow to the Tyne Tunnel, North Shields and finally to Tynemouth and South Shields and the North Sea. As it passes through the Tyneside conurbation, the river marks the pre-1974 border between County Durham (to the south) and Northumberland (to the north).
The Tyne was a major route for the export of coal from the 13th century until the decline of the coalfields of North East England in the second half of the 20th century. Dramatic wooden staithes (a structure for loading coal onto ships) have been preserved at Dunston in Gateshead.
The lower reaches of the Tyne were, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, one of the world's most important centres of shipbuilding, and there are still major shipyards at Wallsend on the north of the river and Jarrow on the south.
To support the shipbuilding and export industries of Tyneside, the lower reaches of the river were extensively remodelled during the second half of the 19th century, with islands removed and bends in the course of the river straightened.
- Tyne Tunnel
- Gateshead Millennium Bridge
- Tyne Bridge
- Swing Bridge (a swing bridge!)
- High Level Bridge
- Queen Elizabeth II (Metro) Bridge
- Redheugh Bridge
- Scotswood Bridge
- Blaydon Bridge
- Newburn Bridge
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