Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Types of road bicycle
Utility bicycles are designed for commuting, shopping and running errands in towns and cities.
Hybrid bicycles are a compomise between mountain bicycles and road bicycles: they have a road frame and wheels but are usually geared low with a straight handle bar for a more upright riding position. In the American bicycle business they are known as "comfort bicycles".
Cruiser bicycles are designed for comfort over performance. Handlebars are straight or curved back, facilitating an upright riding position. Large, padded seats are the norm. Shock absorbers are common, both on the wheels and on the seat post. Cruisers typically have simple and minimal gearing.
Recumbent bicycles, which typically have the pedals forward and a seat with a full or half back, so that the rider assumes a seated or even reclined position while riding, are most often designed for on-road use. Some recumbent bicycles feature a partial or complete fairing to improve aerodynamics.
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