Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Darío was born in Metapa, Nicaragua. His childhood was filled with difficult economic situations, but his writing abilities allowed him to publish at a very young age. Darío displayed much talent from an early age, which in 1882 earned him an appearance before President Joaquín Zavala .
Meeting el Presidente
The fifteen year young Darío is believed to have asked the President for permission to go study in Europe. But Darío had asked this after having presented a poem speaking against his homeland and its religion. After hearing his request, Presidente Zavala gave Darío a unique response: "My son, if you so write against the religion of your fathers and their homeland now, what will become of you if you go to Europe and learn worse things?" Because of this he didn't go to Europe.
Before leaving he worked in the National Library of Nicaragua. He later traveled to Chile.
It was in Chile where Darío consolidated the literary styles found in Europe.
Father of Modernism
Rubén Darío participated in, or was the leader of, many literary movements in Chile, Spain, Argentina and Nicaragua. The modernist movement was a recapitulation of three movements in Europe: Romanticism (romanticismo), Symbolism (símbolismo) and parnasianismo. These ideas express passion, visual art, and harmonies and rhythms with music.
Darío was a genius of this movement. His style was exotic and very vibrant. In his poem Canción de Otoño en Primavera (The Song of Fall in Spring) there is much evidence of pasion and strong emotions. Soon many literary writers would start using his style in a cautious and elegant form, using his style and his words to make music with poetry.
His fundamental collection, Azul ("Blue"), was published in 1888 and established his reputation as one of the most important Spanish-language exponents of Modernism. Many critics consider his death in 1916 to mark the symbolic end of Modernism.
Darío marks an important shift in the relationship between literary Europe and Hispanic America. Before him, Latin American literary trends had largely followed European trends; however, Darío was clearly in the international vangard of the modernist movement.
His poetry brought back vigor to the stale, monotonous poetry of the time.
- "My pick is working deep in the soil of this unknown America, turning out gold and opals and precious stones, an altar, a broken statue. And the Muse divines the meaning of the hieroglyphics. The strange life of a vanished people emerges from the mist of time." —Rubén Darío
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