Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
SS unit insignia
SS unit insignia was a form of uniform insignia used by the S.S. between the years of 1932 and 1945. SS unit insignia was displayed on an SS member’s right collar and was worn opposite the badge of SS rank. The exception to this was in the case of those officers ranking Standartenführer and above who wore rank on both collars and did not display a unit insignia collar patch. The SS also used cuffbands, sleeve diamonds, and shoulder patches as additional versions of unit insignia.
|Sig Runes||The most common and widely recognizable SS unit insignia. Sig Runes which were first worn by the Leibstandarte in 1933. By 1943, the Sig Runes had become the standard SS unit insignia authorized for the entire SS.|
|Blank Collar Patch||Established in 1932 as the unit insignia for the SS Headquarters. After 1934, became the Collar Patch used by the Gestapo and SD. After 1939, worn by all members of the RSHA and certain members of the SS-Hauptamter (Main Offices).|
|Death's Head||After 1936, worn by all members of the SS Concentration Camp service. Also used after 1941 by members of SS Division Totenkopf.|
|Numbered Sig Runes||Worn from 1934 to 1938 by units of the SS-Verfügungstruppe. SS(1) was worn by members of the Deutschland Regiment, SS(2) by the Germania Regiment, and SS(3) by the Das Reich Regiment.|
|Numbered Death's Head||Worn between 1941 and 1945 by members of the SS Division Totenkopf. The number displayed indicated the Regiment in which the SS member served. Also authorized for certain officers of the Concentration Camp service who were full members of the Waffen-SS.|
|General SS Patch||Worn from 1930 to 1945 by members of the Allgemeine-SS. General SS patches displayed a members Standarten (Regiment) Number and were worn in combination with cuffbands to denote the wearers Abschnitt (Brigade) and Oberabschnitt (Division).|
|Auxiliary SS Patch||Worn between 1944 and 1945 by members of the so called "Auxiliary SS", who were non-SS members conscripted to perform such duties as Concentration Camp service and administrative support.|
Waffen-SS foreign legions
After 1942, the Waffen-SS began forming a number of divisions comprised of members from allied or conquered nations. Such personnel were not considered "true" SS members and were not permitted to wear standard SS unit insignia. A wide variety of "national insignia" thus developed which was worn as the standard unit insignia for Foreign Legions of the Waffen-SS.
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