Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|pop. density:||420 people/km²|
|Minister-president:||Peter Müller (CDU)|
It is named after the Saar River, which is an affluent of the Moselle River and runs through the state from the south to the northwest. Most inhabitants live in a city agglomeration on the French border, surrounding the capital of Saarbrücken.
See also List of places in Saarland.
Saarland is divided into six districts:
The territory was established in 1920 in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles. It comprised portions of the Prussian Rhine Province and the Rhine Palatinate. The area was put under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years. After this period a plebiscite was held on January 13, 1935: 90.3% of those voting wished to join Germany. The Nazis called the area "Westmark".
After World War II the Saarland came under French administration. In 1954, France and Germany offered to establish an independent Saarland, but a second plebiscite rejected this plan by 67.7%. On October 27, 1956, the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to rejoin Germany, which it did on January 1, 1957.
List of Minister-presidents of the Saarland
(or equivalent position)
- 1945 - 1946: Hans Neureuther
- 1946 - 1947: Erwin Müller
- 1947 - 1955: Johannes Hoffmann
- 1955 - 1956: Heinrich Welsch
- 1956 - 1957: Hubert Ney (CDU)
- 1957 - 1959: Egon Reinert (CDU)
- 1959 - 1979: Franz Josef Röder (CDU)
- 1979: Werner Klumpp (FDP)
- 1979 - 1985: Werner Zeyer (CDU)
- 1985 - 1998: Oskar Lafontaine (SPD)
- 1998 - 1999: Reinhard Klimmt (SPD)
- since 1999: Peter Müller (CDU)
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