Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (born April 24, 1973) is an outstanding Indian cricketer. He has been a member of the Indian cricket team since 1989. He made his international debut against Pakistan in 1989 at the age of 16. He is widely regarded as one of the best batsmen of all time and by many as the greatest of his era. His cricketing and batting abilities are widely regarded as genius by many stalwarts of the game. For instance, Sir Donald Bradman, the Australian great said of Sachin, "He reminds me of myself". He is affectionately known as 'The Little Master' by his adoring fans.
Born in Mumbai (formerly Bombay) into a middle class family, Tendulkar was named after his family's favorite music director Sachin Dev Burman. He went to Sharadashram Vidyamandir School where he started his cricketing career. He, when in school was involved in a mammoth 664 run partnership in a Harris Shield game with friend and International team mate Vinod Kambli. He played his first international match against Pakistan in Karachi facing up to the likes of Wasim Akram and Waqar Younis. He scored just 15 runs and was bowled by Waqar Younis, who also made his debut in that match. It was an innings very different from how the rest of his career went. He followed it up with his maiden test fifty a few days later at Faisalabad. However he could not get a century in that series. His One-day International (ODI) debut on December 18 was equally disappointing where he was dismissed without scoring a run again by Waqar Younis. The series was followed by a non-descript tour of New Zealand in which he did not make remarkable contribution. In the tour of England in 1990 he scored his maiden test century but the other scores were not remarkable. It was in the 1991/1992 tour of Australia that he made his mark as a remarkable batsman. He has been man of the match 11 times in test matches and Man of the Series twice, both times in the Border-Gavaskar Trophy against Australia.
Some remarkable achievements of his career are:
- 3rd highest tally of runs in test cricket (10,134) at an outstanding average of 57.25 (highest among those who have scored over 8,500 test runs) as of March 2005
- Most runs (over 13000) and centuries (37) in one-day internationals
- Only person to have scored over 11,000 ODI runs and over 25 ODI centuries as of April 3, 2005
- Highest ODI batting average among Indian batsmen and among all batsmen who have scored over 7,500 ODI runs (as of April 3, 2005)
- Most Number of Man of the Matches in one-day internationals
- Only player to have over 100 innings of 50+ runs in ODIs as of April 2005
- Most Number of Runs in World Cup Cricket History
- First cricketer to cross 10,000-run mark in ODIs
- Has equalled Sunil Gavaskar's record of 34 test centuries.
- Among those who have played over 100 test matches, he is the only one with a batting average above 55.
- Only second Indian to cross 10,000 runs in Test matches.
- He has the most centuries in ODI cricket against Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.
- He is the fifth and batsman to reach the 10,000 runs milestone in Test Cricket.He did this in only his 122nd Test match. Only Brian Lara (111 matches) has achieved the feat faster.
- To go with this he has 34 hundreds in Test cricket at an average of 57. An average above 50 distinguishes a batsman as an all time great.
- Highest individual score in ODIs among Indian batsmen (186* against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1999)
While his batting ranks him among the best in the world, he is also a part-time bowler and has played a crucial role as a leg spinner or a medium pace bowler who tends to break partnerships. He has more than a hundred wickets in ODIs and 35 in tests, though his bowling averages are above 40. He continues to perform well under the massive weight of expectation of hundreds of millions of cricket followers, in India and around the world, and most recently was named Player Of The Tournament in the 2003 Cricket World Cup.
Incidentally, Sachin is the first batsman to be declared run out by third umpire in 1992 in South Africa.
|179||West Indies||Nagpur (1994-95)||Drawn|
|169||South Africa||Cape Town (1996-97)||South Africa|
|155 notout||Australia||Chennai (1997-98)||India|
|155||South Africa||Bloemfontein (2001-02)||South Africa|
|241 not out||Australia||Sydney (2004)||Drawn|
|194 not out||Pakistan||Multan (2004)||India|
|248 not out*||Bangladesh||Dhaka (2004)||India|
|90||Australia||Mumbai (1996 WC+)||Australia|
|98||Pakistan||Centurion (2003 WC)||India|
Man of the Match Awards
Test Cricket (10)
|25/10/1995||New Zealand||Chidambaram Stadium|
|29/10/1999||New Zealand||Sardar Patel Stadium|
|26/12/1999||Australia||Melbourne Cricket Gr|
|24/02/2000||South Africa||Wankhede Stadium|
|30/10/2002||West Indies||Eden Gardens|
|02/01/2004||Australia||Sydney Cricket Grnd|
He seems to play his best cricket against the best teams, however he has been criticized for not leading India to more test match victories away from home. Only the last of the innings listed above led to an Indian victory abroad. However, for a good part of his career, the Indian team was not very competitive and he was the only redeeming quality about it. There were times where he has brought India to the verge of victory only to be let down by his teammates.
Sachin's batting in ODIs really took off after he was invited to open the innings at Auckland against New Zealand in 1994 after he had played nearly 70 matches. At the Auckland ODI Tendulkar slammed the ball all around the stadium with a firepower that was not seen in cricket in those days. He went on to make 82 runs in 49 balls. Tendulkar's considerably better performance as an opener dawned upon everyone else. He was to stay as India's opener for long time after that. His first hundred came later that year against Australia in Colombo. He now scores a century every six innings that he plays.
Tendulkar has a shrewd cricketing brain and has a good arm from the outfield. Sachin's record as captain, however, has not been outstanding. His contribution to the game and his role in attracting a following to the game goes beyond his record. His game is characterized by style, aggression and often dazzling brilliance. Sachin has earned respect from fans and cricketers around the world due to his down-to-earth nature which he maintains despite being treated as a national icon.
Tendulkar had an excellent fitness record but in 1999 he suffered a career-threatening back injury. This was followed by another fitness problem. Tendulkar had to miss out on two tournaments in as he was recovering from tennis elbow. He was struggling to be fit for the home test series against Australia. However, he has overcome the injury well, as he displayed in the recent double hundred against Bangladesh.
Sachin's fame in his own country is such that he is virtually a prisoner in his own home with his appearances in public causing near-riots amongst fevered fans. He is known to take his car for late-night drives around the city as one of the few chances to escape the protective bubble in which he is forced to exist. Sachin is married to his childhood friend Dr. Anjali. He has a five year old daughter Sara and a son Arjun, who is three.
Perhaps the biggest reminder of his fame, Sachin was recently made a textbook lesson in Indian schools so that children can draw inspiration from his achievements.
Australian bowling great Shane Warne who is among Wisden's list of five greatest cricket players in 21st century has had a particularly bad time against Tendulkar. He described incidents when he got up in the night from dreams where Tendulkar was smashing him around the ground.
- Cricinfo Profile
- Special coverage of Sachin Tendulkar on Cricinfo
- BBC's article on Tendulkar after 2000-01 Border-Gavaskar Trophy
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