Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Salisbury steak is ground beef served like a traditional steak.
Salisbury steak is popular in the American South, where it is traditionally served with gravy and grilled onions. The name actually has nothing to do with Salisbury; see hamburger for details. In short, "hamburger" was considered an indication of German culture and was not considered a proper term to use during the First World War; Salisbury steak was used as a name instead. After the war, the terms parted ways; the word hamburger resumed its normal usage but Salisbury steak replaced the previous term hamburger steak. Salisbury steak is a common staple of public school lunches and frozen dinners. Many school students affectionately call it "mystery meat."
Hanbāgu (ハンバーグ) or hamburg in Japanese is a popular dish in Japan. It is a dish made from ground meat with finely chopped vegetables like onion, egg and breadcrumbs flavored with various spices and made into flat circular shape about a centimeter thick and 10 to 15 cm in diameter. Many restaurants (e.g. Bikkuri Donkey ) specialize in various styles of hamburg. It is sometimes called hamburg steak as well.
Hanbāgu became popular during 1960s as a way to cook meat which was still costly by an average household. It was a regular article in various magazines and many learned how to cook making it a staple dish. It was known much earlier dating back to Meiji period and is believed to have been first served in Yokohama which was one of the first port opened to foreigners. From 1980s, vacuum packed hanbāgu are sold with sauce already added and these are widely used for a bento. Frozen hanbāgu are popular as well often served in a first food style restaurant because of its richer taste and firmer texture than a vacuum packed one.
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